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Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 data to tobacco control policy in India.
J Sch Health 2008; 78(7):368-73JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

India made 2 important policy statements regarding tobacco control in the past decade. First, the India Tobacco Control Act (ITCA) was signed into law in 2003 with the goal to reduce tobacco consumption and protect citizens from exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). Second, in 2005, India ratified the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). During this same period, India conducted the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) in 2003 and 2006 in an effort to track tobacco use among adolescents.

METHODS

The GYTS is a school-based survey of students aged 13-15 years. Representative national estimates for India in 2003 and 2006 were used in this study.

RESULTS

In 2006, 3.8% of students currently smoked cigarettes and 11.9% currently used other tobacco products. These rates were not significantly different than those observed in 2003. Over the same period, exposure to SHS at home and in public places significantly decreased, whereas exposure to pro-tobacco ads on billboards and the ability to purchase cigarettes in a store did not change significantly.

CONCLUSIONS

The ITCA and the WHO FCTC have had mixed impacts on the tobacco control effort for adolescents in India. The positive impacts have been the reduction in exposure to SHS, both at home and in public places. The negative impacts are seen with the lack of change in pro-tobacco advertising and ability to purchase cigarettes in stores. The Government of India needs to consider new and stronger provisions of the ITCA and include strong enforcement measures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Preventive Oncology, A/27, Anandpuri, Boring Canal Rd, Patna 800001, Bihar, India. dhirendrasinha1@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18611211

Citation

Sinha, Dhirendra Narain, et al. "Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 Data to Tobacco Control Policy in India." The Journal of School Health, vol. 78, no. 7, 2008, pp. 368-73.
Sinha DN, Gupta PC, Reddy KS, et al. Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 data to tobacco control policy in India. J Sch Health. 2008;78(7):368-73.
Sinha, D. N., Gupta, P. C., Reddy, K. S., Prasad, V. M., Rahman, K., Warren, C. W., ... Asma, S. (2008). Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 data to tobacco control policy in India. The Journal of School Health, 78(7), pp. 368-73. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00316.x.
Sinha DN, et al. Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 Data to Tobacco Control Policy in India. J Sch Health. 2008;78(7):368-73. PubMed PMID: 18611211.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 data to tobacco control policy in India. AU - Sinha,Dhirendra Narain, AU - Gupta,Prakash C, AU - Reddy,K Srinath, AU - Prasad,Vinayak M, AU - Rahman,Khalilur, AU - Warren,Charles W, AU - Jones,Nathan R, AU - Asma,Samira, PY - 2008/7/10/pubmed PY - 2008/9/24/medline PY - 2008/7/10/entrez SP - 368 EP - 73 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 78 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: India made 2 important policy statements regarding tobacco control in the past decade. First, the India Tobacco Control Act (ITCA) was signed into law in 2003 with the goal to reduce tobacco consumption and protect citizens from exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). Second, in 2005, India ratified the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). During this same period, India conducted the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) in 2003 and 2006 in an effort to track tobacco use among adolescents. METHODS: The GYTS is a school-based survey of students aged 13-15 years. Representative national estimates for India in 2003 and 2006 were used in this study. RESULTS: In 2006, 3.8% of students currently smoked cigarettes and 11.9% currently used other tobacco products. These rates were not significantly different than those observed in 2003. Over the same period, exposure to SHS at home and in public places significantly decreased, whereas exposure to pro-tobacco ads on billboards and the ability to purchase cigarettes in a store did not change significantly. CONCLUSIONS: The ITCA and the WHO FCTC have had mixed impacts on the tobacco control effort for adolescents in India. The positive impacts have been the reduction in exposure to SHS, both at home and in public places. The negative impacts are seen with the lack of change in pro-tobacco advertising and ability to purchase cigarettes in stores. The Government of India needs to consider new and stronger provisions of the ITCA and include strong enforcement measures. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18611211/Linking_Global_Youth_Tobacco_Survey_2003_and_2006_data_to_tobacco_control_policy_in_India_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00316.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -