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Evaluation of 3-dimensional tooth crown size in cleft lip and palate patients.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008 Jul; 134(1):85-92.AJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The aims of this study were to evaluate 3-dimensional (3D) tooth crown sizes in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to compare them with those of a Class I control group.

METHODS

Orthodontic dental casts were used of 72 subjects with CLP (20 bilateral [BCLP], 34 unilateral left [ULCLP], 18 unilateral right [URCLP]) and 53 adolescents in the permanent dentition stage with Class I occlusion. Mesiodistal (MD), labiolingual (LL), and occlusogingival (OG) measurements were recorded by the same examiner using a digital caliper. Statistical analyses were conducted, including repeatability, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Duncan tests.

RESULTS

Maxillary and mandibular premolar MD dimensions were larger in the CLP groups than in the control group. The smallest MD dimensions were those of the maxillary right lateral incisors in the BCLP group (P <0.05). The maxillary left lateral incisor MD dimensions in the ULCLP group were smaller when compared with other CLP groups (P <0.001). In general, all LL and OG measurements were smaller in the CLP groups than in the Class I group in both dental arches.

CONCLUSIONS

In general, MD, LL, and OG dimensions of CLP patients were smaller than those of the Class I subjects, not only in the affected maxillary dental arch, but also in the mandibular dental arch. Variations in 3D tooth dimensions were found among all CLP types. The lateral incisor in the cleft region was the smallest. A 3D tooth-size evaluation should be included in the diagnostic records to determine precise treatment planning and final occlusion in CLP patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey. akcam@dentistry.ankara.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18617107

Citation

Akcam, M Okan, et al. "Evaluation of 3-dimensional Tooth Crown Size in Cleft Lip and Palate Patients." American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, vol. 134, no. 1, 2008, pp. 85-92.
Akcam MO, Toygar TU, Ozer L, et al. Evaluation of 3-dimensional tooth crown size in cleft lip and palate patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134(1):85-92.
Akcam, M. O., Toygar, T. U., Ozer, L., & Ozdemir, B. (2008). Evaluation of 3-dimensional tooth crown size in cleft lip and palate patients. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 134(1), 85-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2006.05.048
Akcam MO, et al. Evaluation of 3-dimensional Tooth Crown Size in Cleft Lip and Palate Patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134(1):85-92. PubMed PMID: 18617107.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of 3-dimensional tooth crown size in cleft lip and palate patients. AU - Akcam,M Okan, AU - Toygar,T Ufuk, AU - Ozer,Levent, AU - Ozdemir,Berna, PY - 2006/02/01/received PY - 2006/05/01/revised PY - 2006/05/01/accepted PY - 2008/7/12/pubmed PY - 2008/8/22/medline PY - 2008/7/12/entrez SP - 85 EP - 92 JF - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics JO - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop VL - 134 IS - 1 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to evaluate 3-dimensional (3D) tooth crown sizes in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to compare them with those of a Class I control group. METHODS: Orthodontic dental casts were used of 72 subjects with CLP (20 bilateral [BCLP], 34 unilateral left [ULCLP], 18 unilateral right [URCLP]) and 53 adolescents in the permanent dentition stage with Class I occlusion. Mesiodistal (MD), labiolingual (LL), and occlusogingival (OG) measurements were recorded by the same examiner using a digital caliper. Statistical analyses were conducted, including repeatability, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Duncan tests. RESULTS: Maxillary and mandibular premolar MD dimensions were larger in the CLP groups than in the control group. The smallest MD dimensions were those of the maxillary right lateral incisors in the BCLP group (P <0.05). The maxillary left lateral incisor MD dimensions in the ULCLP group were smaller when compared with other CLP groups (P <0.001). In general, all LL and OG measurements were smaller in the CLP groups than in the Class I group in both dental arches. CONCLUSIONS: In general, MD, LL, and OG dimensions of CLP patients were smaller than those of the Class I subjects, not only in the affected maxillary dental arch, but also in the mandibular dental arch. Variations in 3D tooth dimensions were found among all CLP types. The lateral incisor in the cleft region was the smallest. A 3D tooth-size evaluation should be included in the diagnostic records to determine precise treatment planning and final occlusion in CLP patients. SN - 1097-6752 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18617107/Evaluation_of_3_dimensional_tooth_crown_size_in_cleft_lip_and_palate_patients_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0889-5406(08)00059-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -