Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Oct; 102(10):1046-52.TR

Abstract

A cross-sectional study to determine the current prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to investigate the possible risk factors for IDA was carried out on 241 aboriginal schoolchildren (120 boys, 121 girls) aged 7-12 years and living in remote areas in Pos Betau, Pahang, Malaysia. Haemoglobin (Hb) level was measured and serum iron status was assessed by serum ferritin (SF), serum iron (SI) and total iron binding capacity measurements. Socioeconomic data were collected using pre-tested questionnaires. All children were screened for intestinal parasitic infections. Overall, 48.5% (95% CI 42.3-54.8) of children were anaemic (Hb<12 g/dl). The prevalence of IDA was 34% (95% CI 28.3-40.2), which accounted for 70.1% of the anaemia cases. The prevalence of IDA was significantly higher in females than males. Low levels of mothers' education and low household income were identified as risk factors for IDA. Severe trichuriasis also found to be associated with low SF and SI. Logistic regression confirmed low levels of mothers' education and gender as significant risk factors for IDA. Improvement of socioeconomic status and health education together with periodic mass deworming should be included in public health strategies for the control and prevention of anaemia and IDA in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. halmekhlafi@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18617209

Citation

Al-Mekhlafi, M Hesham, et al. "Anaemia and Iron Deficiency Anaemia Among Aboriginal Schoolchildren in Rural Peninsular Malaysia: an Update On a Continuing Problem." Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 102, no. 10, 2008, pp. 1046-52.
Al-Mekhlafi MH, Surin J, Atiya AS, et al. Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102(10):1046-52.
Al-Mekhlafi, M. H., Surin, J., Atiya, A. S., Ariffin, W. A., Mahdy, A. K., & Abdullah, H. C. (2008). Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102(10), 1046-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.05.012
Al-Mekhlafi MH, et al. Anaemia and Iron Deficiency Anaemia Among Aboriginal Schoolchildren in Rural Peninsular Malaysia: an Update On a Continuing Problem. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102(10):1046-52. PubMed PMID: 18617209.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem. AU - Al-Mekhlafi,M Hesham, AU - Surin,Johari, AU - Atiya,A S, AU - Ariffin,W A, AU - Mahdy,A K Mohammed, AU - Abdullah,H Che, Y1 - 2008/07/09/ PY - 2008/03/01/received PY - 2008/05/16/revised PY - 2008/05/19/accepted PY - 2008/7/12/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/7/12/entrez SP - 1046 EP - 52 JF - Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene JO - Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg VL - 102 IS - 10 N2 - A cross-sectional study to determine the current prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to investigate the possible risk factors for IDA was carried out on 241 aboriginal schoolchildren (120 boys, 121 girls) aged 7-12 years and living in remote areas in Pos Betau, Pahang, Malaysia. Haemoglobin (Hb) level was measured and serum iron status was assessed by serum ferritin (SF), serum iron (SI) and total iron binding capacity measurements. Socioeconomic data were collected using pre-tested questionnaires. All children were screened for intestinal parasitic infections. Overall, 48.5% (95% CI 42.3-54.8) of children were anaemic (Hb<12 g/dl). The prevalence of IDA was 34% (95% CI 28.3-40.2), which accounted for 70.1% of the anaemia cases. The prevalence of IDA was significantly higher in females than males. Low levels of mothers' education and low household income were identified as risk factors for IDA. Severe trichuriasis also found to be associated with low SF and SI. Logistic regression confirmed low levels of mothers' education and gender as significant risk factors for IDA. Improvement of socioeconomic status and health education together with periodic mass deworming should be included in public health strategies for the control and prevention of anaemia and IDA in this population. SN - 1878-3503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18617209/Anaemia_and_iron_deficiency_anaemia_among_aboriginal_schoolchildren_in_rural_Peninsular_Malaysia:_an_update_on_a_continuing_problem_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0035-9203(08)00228-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -