Study on the extraction, purification and quantification of jasmonic acid, abscisic acid and indole-3-acetic acid in plants.Phytochem Anal. 2008 Nov-Dec; 19(6):560-7.PA
Jasmonic acid (JA), abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are important plant hormones. Plant hormones are difficult to analyse because they occur in small concentrations and other substances in the plant interfere with their detection.
To develop a new, inexpensive procedure for the rapid extraction and purification of IAA, ABA and JA from various plant species.
Samples were prepared by extraction of plant tissues with methanol and ethyl acetate. Then the extracts were further purified and enriched with C(18) cartridges. The final extracts were derivatised with diazomethane and then measured by GC-MS. The results of the new methodology were compared with those of the Creelman and Mullet procedure.
Sequential elution of the assimilates from the C(18)cartridges revealed that IAA and ABA eluted in 40% methanol, while JA subsequently eluted in 60% methanol. The new plant hormone extraction and purification procedure produced results that were comparable to those obtained with the Creelman and Mullet's procedure. This new procedure requires only 0.5 g leaf samples to quantify these compounds with high reliability and can simultaneously determine the concentrations of the three plant hormones.
A simple, inexpensive method was developed for determining endogenous IAA, ABA and JA concentrations in plant tissue.