Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012: literature review of the logistical planning and operational challenges for public health.
Public Health. 2008 Nov; 122(11):1229-38.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To undertake a review of the literature relating to public health planning and interventions at previous summer Olympic and Paralympic Games and other relevant major summer sporting events or mass gatherings, with a focus on official publications and peer-reviewed articles.

STUDY DESIGN

Literature review.

METHODS

A literature review was undertaken using all biomedical databases and a freetext search using Google to widen the search beyond peer-reviewed publications. Search terms used were: Olympics; Paralympics; mass gatherings; mass gathering medicine; sporting events; weather; planning; and organisation. Citations within articles were searched to identify additional references that would inform this review. This literature review concentrates on the public health aspects of population care at mass gatherings, particularly the Olympic and Paralympic Games which are set over several weeks, focusing on surveillance, prevention and health service quality.

RESULTS

The literature identified 10 areas of public health planning: public health command centre and communication; surveillance, assessment and control; environmental health and safety; infectious disease outbreaks; implications of weather conditions; health promotion; travel information; economic assessments; public transport and reduction of asthma events; and preparing athletes for potential allergies. The following themes emerged as crucial factors for the success of any public health interventions at Olympic and Paralympic Games: detailed planning of deliverables; pre-identification of critical success factors; management of risk; detailed contingency planning; and full testing of all plans prior to the event.

CONCLUSIONS

The 2012 Olympic Games will provide an exciting challenge for public health providers and systems. Preparation requires early detailed planning of policies, procedures and on-site health promotion events, in addition to helping to set up the surveillance and monitoring systems that will capture public health activity alongside medical activity. Learning from the literature review will support the identification of critical success factors and help to formulate recommendations that will allow optimal utilization of public health initiatives. All plans require full costings in advance which are supported by internal and external health-related agencies, voluntary organizations and sponsors. A risk assessment should be undertaken as part of the planning process leading to risk management plans for mitigating identified potential risks. All surveillance and monitoring systems, communication, policies and procedures will require full testing prior to commencement of the Games.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Action Support Unit, Dept of Pirmary Care and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, 3rd Floor, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan's Road, London, W6 8RP. katieenock@aol.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18619630

Citation

Enock, K E., and J Jacobs. "The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012: Literature Review of the Logistical Planning and Operational Challenges for Public Health." Public Health, vol. 122, no. 11, 2008, pp. 1229-38.
Enock KE, Jacobs J. The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012: literature review of the logistical planning and operational challenges for public health. Public Health. 2008;122(11):1229-38.
Enock, K. E., & Jacobs, J. (2008). The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012: literature review of the logistical planning and operational challenges for public health. Public Health, 122(11), 1229-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2008.04.016
Enock KE, Jacobs J. The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012: Literature Review of the Logistical Planning and Operational Challenges for Public Health. Public Health. 2008;122(11):1229-38. PubMed PMID: 18619630.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012: literature review of the logistical planning and operational challenges for public health. AU - Enock,K E, AU - Jacobs,J, Y1 - 2008/07/11/ PY - 2007/01/17/received PY - 2008/04/23/revised PY - 2008/04/23/accepted PY - 2008/7/16/pubmed PY - 2008/12/24/medline PY - 2008/7/16/entrez SP - 1229 EP - 38 JF - Public health JO - Public Health VL - 122 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To undertake a review of the literature relating to public health planning and interventions at previous summer Olympic and Paralympic Games and other relevant major summer sporting events or mass gatherings, with a focus on official publications and peer-reviewed articles. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken using all biomedical databases and a freetext search using Google to widen the search beyond peer-reviewed publications. Search terms used were: Olympics; Paralympics; mass gatherings; mass gathering medicine; sporting events; weather; planning; and organisation. Citations within articles were searched to identify additional references that would inform this review. This literature review concentrates on the public health aspects of population care at mass gatherings, particularly the Olympic and Paralympic Games which are set over several weeks, focusing on surveillance, prevention and health service quality. RESULTS: The literature identified 10 areas of public health planning: public health command centre and communication; surveillance, assessment and control; environmental health and safety; infectious disease outbreaks; implications of weather conditions; health promotion; travel information; economic assessments; public transport and reduction of asthma events; and preparing athletes for potential allergies. The following themes emerged as crucial factors for the success of any public health interventions at Olympic and Paralympic Games: detailed planning of deliverables; pre-identification of critical success factors; management of risk; detailed contingency planning; and full testing of all plans prior to the event. CONCLUSIONS: The 2012 Olympic Games will provide an exciting challenge for public health providers and systems. Preparation requires early detailed planning of policies, procedures and on-site health promotion events, in addition to helping to set up the surveillance and monitoring systems that will capture public health activity alongside medical activity. Learning from the literature review will support the identification of critical success factors and help to formulate recommendations that will allow optimal utilization of public health initiatives. All plans require full costings in advance which are supported by internal and external health-related agencies, voluntary organizations and sponsors. A risk assessment should be undertaken as part of the planning process leading to risk management plans for mitigating identified potential risks. All surveillance and monitoring systems, communication, policies and procedures will require full testing prior to commencement of the Games. SN - 0033-3506 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18619630/The_Olympic_and_Paralympic_Games_2012:_literature_review_of_the_logistical_planning_and_operational_challenges_for_public_health_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0033-3506(08)00122-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -