Synthesis and evaluation of novel polyester-ibuprofen conjugates for modified drug release.Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2008; 34(8):877-84DD
Ibuprofen was conjugated at different levels to a novel polyester, poly(glycerol-adipate-co-omega-pentadecalactone) (PGA-co-PL), via an ester linkage to form a prodrug. The conjugates were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared (IR), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), ultraviolet (UV), and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The conjugates had a molecular weight between 18 and 24 kDa, and there was a suppression of the free hydroxyl groups within the conjugated polymer. DSC scans showed a lowering of the melting point (T(m)) when compared with the polyester alone and a difference in the number and area of T(m) peaks. Drug release studies showed an initial burst release (13-18%) followed thereafter by very slow release (maximum 35% after 18 days). Continuous work may produce ester-linked conjugates that are sufficiently labile to allow for complete release of ibuprofen over the time period studied.