Hepatitis C infection and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.Clin Liver Dis. 2008 Aug; 12(3):573-85, viii-ix.CL
In hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, significant hepatic steatosis or superimposed nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is associated with disease severity and poor response to antiviral therapy. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and HCV are common causes of chronic liver disease in Western countries and are strongly linked to concurrent obesity, insulin resistance, and the metabolic syndrome. With the escalating prevalence of obesity in North America, insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome are major public health problems that have a significant impact on morbidity and mortality associated with NAFLD and HCV. This article focuses on the current understanding of the interplay between host and viral factors that are involved in the interaction between NAFLD and HCV.