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Changing patterns of diet, physical activity and obesity among urban, rural and slum populations in north India.
Obes Rev. 2008 Sep; 9(5):400-8.OR

Abstract

Rapid urbanization and accompanying lifestyle changes in India lead to transition in non-communicable disease risk factors. A survey was done in urban, urban slum and rural population of Haryana, India, in a sample of 4129 men and 3852 women using WHO STEPS questionnaire. A very high proportion of all the three populations reported inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables. Rural men reported five times physical activity as compared with urban and urban slum men and rural women reported seven times physical activity as compared with women in the other two settings. Mean body mass index (BMI) was highest among urban men (22.8 kg m(-2)) followed by urban slum (21.0 kg m(-2)) and rural men (20.6 kg m(-2)) (P-value < 0.01). Similar trend was seen for women but at a higher level than men. Prevalence of obesity (BMI >/= 30 kg m(-2)) was highest for urban population (male = 5.5%, female = 12.6%) followed by urban slum (male = 1.9%, female = 7.2%) and rural populations (male = 1.6%, female = 3.8%). Urbanization increases the prevalence of the studied non-communicable disease risk factors, with women showing a greater increase as compared with men. Non-communicable disease control strategy needs to address urbanization and warrants gender sensitive strategies specifically targeting women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, Ballabgarh, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18627500

Citation

Yadav, K, and A Krishnan. "Changing Patterns of Diet, Physical Activity and Obesity Among Urban, Rural and Slum Populations in North India." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 9, no. 5, 2008, pp. 400-8.
Yadav K, Krishnan A. Changing patterns of diet, physical activity and obesity among urban, rural and slum populations in north India. Obes Rev. 2008;9(5):400-8.
Yadav, K., & Krishnan, A. (2008). Changing patterns of diet, physical activity and obesity among urban, rural and slum populations in north India. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 9(5), 400-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00505.x
Yadav K, Krishnan A. Changing Patterns of Diet, Physical Activity and Obesity Among Urban, Rural and Slum Populations in North India. Obes Rev. 2008;9(5):400-8. PubMed PMID: 18627500.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changing patterns of diet, physical activity and obesity among urban, rural and slum populations in north India. AU - Yadav,K, AU - Krishnan,A, Y1 - 2008/07/09/ PY - 2008/7/17/pubmed PY - 2009/1/15/medline PY - 2008/7/17/entrez SP - 400 EP - 8 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 9 IS - 5 N2 - Rapid urbanization and accompanying lifestyle changes in India lead to transition in non-communicable disease risk factors. A survey was done in urban, urban slum and rural population of Haryana, India, in a sample of 4129 men and 3852 women using WHO STEPS questionnaire. A very high proportion of all the three populations reported inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables. Rural men reported five times physical activity as compared with urban and urban slum men and rural women reported seven times physical activity as compared with women in the other two settings. Mean body mass index (BMI) was highest among urban men (22.8 kg m(-2)) followed by urban slum (21.0 kg m(-2)) and rural men (20.6 kg m(-2)) (P-value < 0.01). Similar trend was seen for women but at a higher level than men. Prevalence of obesity (BMI >/= 30 kg m(-2)) was highest for urban population (male = 5.5%, female = 12.6%) followed by urban slum (male = 1.9%, female = 7.2%) and rural populations (male = 1.6%, female = 3.8%). Urbanization increases the prevalence of the studied non-communicable disease risk factors, with women showing a greater increase as compared with men. Non-communicable disease control strategy needs to address urbanization and warrants gender sensitive strategies specifically targeting women. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18627500/Changing_patterns_of_diet_physical_activity_and_obesity_among_urban_rural_and_slum_populations_in_north_India_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00505.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -