Cannabidiol prevents a post-ischemic injury progressively induced by cerebral ischemia via a high-mobility group box1-inhibiting mechanism.Neuropharmacology. 2008 Dec; 55(8):1280-6.N
We examined the cerebroprotective mechanism of cannabidiol, the non-psychoactive component of marijuana, against infarction in a 4-h mouse middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion model. Cannabidiol was intraperitoneally administrated immediately before and 3h after cerebral ischemia. Infarct size and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, a marker of neutrophil, monocyte/macropharge, were measured at 24h after cerebral ischemia. Activated microglia and astrocytes were evaluated by immunostaining. Moreover, high-mobility group box1 (HMGB1) was also evaluated at 1 and 3 days after MCA occlusion. In addition, neurological score and motor coordination on the rota-rod test were assessed at 1 and 3 days after cerebral ischemia. Cannabidiol significantly prevented infarction and MPO activity at 20h after reperfusion. These effects of cannabidiol were not inhibited by either SR141716 or AM630. Cannabidiol inhibited the MPO-positive cells expressing HMGB1 and also decreased the expression level of HMGB1 in plasma. In addition, cannabidiol decreased the number of Iba1- and GFAP-positive cells at 3 days after cerebral ischemia. Moreover, cannabidiol improved neurological score and motor coordination on the rota-rod test. Our results suggest that cannabidiol inhibits monocyte/macropharge expressing HMGB1 followed by preventing glial activation and neurological impairment induced by cerebral ischemia. Cannabidiol will open new therapeutic possibilities for post-ischemic injury via HMGB1-inhibiting mechanism.