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Infectious gastroenteritis and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease.
Gastroenterology. 2008 Sep; 135(3):781-6.G

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS

Infectious gastroenteritis (IGE) is known to exacerbate previously diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, limited data are available describing a causal link between IGE and incident IBD.

METHODS

By using a medical encounter data repository of active duty military personnel, a study was conducted to assess IBD risk in subjects with an antecedent case of IGE.

RESULTS

Between 1999 and 2006, there were 3019 incident IBD cases and 11,646 matched controls who were evaluated in a conditional logistic regression model. To control for potential misclassification, IGE episodes within 6 months of IBD diagnosis were excluded as exposures. After adjusting for potential confounders, an episode of IGE increased the risk of IBD (odds ratio, 1.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.19-1.66). The risk was slightly higher for Crohn's disease compared with ulcerative colitis. In addition, there was an approximate 5-fold increase in IBD risk for persons with a previous irritable bowel syndrome diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS

These data support theories that the initiation of IBD is a multifactorial process that might include the disruption of normal gut homeostatic mechanisms. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the pathogen-specific risks, identify susceptible populations, and better understand the pathophysiologic relationship between IGE and IBD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Enteric Diseases Department, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910-7500, USA. chad.porter@med.navy.milNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18640117

Citation

Porter, Chad K., et al. "Infectious Gastroenteritis and Risk of Developing Inflammatory Bowel Disease." Gastroenterology, vol. 135, no. 3, 2008, pp. 781-6.
Porter CK, Tribble DR, Aliaga PA, et al. Infectious gastroenteritis and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2008;135(3):781-6.
Porter, C. K., Tribble, D. R., Aliaga, P. A., Halvorson, H. A., & Riddle, M. S. (2008). Infectious gastroenteritis and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology, 135(3), 781-6. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2008.05.081
Porter CK, et al. Infectious Gastroenteritis and Risk of Developing Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology. 2008;135(3):781-6. PubMed PMID: 18640117.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infectious gastroenteritis and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease. AU - Porter,Chad K, AU - Tribble,David R, AU - Aliaga,Pablo A, AU - Halvorson,Heather A, AU - Riddle,Mark S, Y1 - 2008/06/05/ PY - 2008/02/19/received PY - 2008/05/20/revised PY - 2008/05/30/accepted PY - 2008/7/22/pubmed PY - 2008/10/3/medline PY - 2008/7/22/entrez SP - 781 EP - 6 JF - Gastroenterology JO - Gastroenterology VL - 135 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infectious gastroenteritis (IGE) is known to exacerbate previously diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, limited data are available describing a causal link between IGE and incident IBD. METHODS: By using a medical encounter data repository of active duty military personnel, a study was conducted to assess IBD risk in subjects with an antecedent case of IGE. RESULTS: Between 1999 and 2006, there were 3019 incident IBD cases and 11,646 matched controls who were evaluated in a conditional logistic regression model. To control for potential misclassification, IGE episodes within 6 months of IBD diagnosis were excluded as exposures. After adjusting for potential confounders, an episode of IGE increased the risk of IBD (odds ratio, 1.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.19-1.66). The risk was slightly higher for Crohn's disease compared with ulcerative colitis. In addition, there was an approximate 5-fold increase in IBD risk for persons with a previous irritable bowel syndrome diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: These data support theories that the initiation of IBD is a multifactorial process that might include the disruption of normal gut homeostatic mechanisms. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the pathogen-specific risks, identify susceptible populations, and better understand the pathophysiologic relationship between IGE and IBD. SN - 1528-0012 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18640117/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0016-5085(08)00957-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -