Corticosteroids for preventing graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic myeloablative stem cell transplantation.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jul 16CD
Despite ongoing progress, acute and chronic GvHD still represent major drawbacks in the context of allogeneic myeloablative haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) due to their high morbidity and mortality. Corticosteroids are used as first-line treatment of acute and chronic GvHD. However, their role for preventing GvHD is unclear as the published study results are controversial.
To determine the effectiveness of corticosteroids used for the prophylaxis of GvHD in adults following allogeneic myeloablative HSCT. in improving overall survival, disease-free survival, relapse incidence, non-relapse mortality, acute GvHD grade I to IV, II to IV and III to IV, chronic GvHD, incidence of infectious complications, other adverse effects and cause of deaths.
We searched the Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group trials register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library Issue 2, 2004), MEDLINE (January 1999 to February 2006), EMBASE (January 1999 to 2004), LILACS covering publications until 2004, as well as handsearched conference proceedings, including citations until 2005.
Randomised controlled trials (RCT) comparing the addition of corticosteroids to a GvHD prophylaxis regimen in adult patients having undergone allogeneic myeloablative HSCT were included into the review. All types and stages of the underlying disease as well as all types of possible HLA-matching were considered.
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
Trial eligibility and quality assessment, data extraction and analysis were done in duplicate.
Five RCTs involving 604 people were included. The pooled results revealed that the addition of corticosteroids reduces statistically significant the risk for acute GvHD grade I to IV (HR 0.58; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.76) and II to IV (HR 0.69; 95% CI 0.51 to 0.92). No evidence was found that it has any clinical relevance on overall survival (HR 0.99; 95% CI 0.79 to 1.25) or disease-free survival (HR 0.95; 95% CI 0.74 to 1.23). As well, no statistically significant influence was found for acute GvHD grade III to IV (HR 0.78; 95% CI 0.52 to 1.15), chronic GvHD (HR 1.21;95% CI 0.89 to 1.65]), relapse incidence (HR 0.82; 95% CI 0.57 to 1.18) or non-relapse mortality (HR 0.88;95% CI 0.61 to 1.26). No clear evidence was found that the rate of infectious complications (under the concomitant use of antiviral or antibacterial medication or both) increases with the addition of corticosteroids. With respect to the other outcomes no significant differences could be detected.