Type I interferons for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis.Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; (3):CD006790CD
Interferons (IFNs) are cytokines which possess immunoregulatory properties and have been used to successfully treat a number of chronic inflammatory disorders. It has been postulated that Type I IFNs may be able to re-establish the Th1/Th2 balance in Th2 predominant diseases like ulcerative colitis.
To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of type I IFN therapy for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis.
The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Functional Bowel Disorders (IBD/FBD) Group Specialised Trial Register, and http://ClinicalTrials.gov. Reference lists of trials and review articles, as well as recent proceedings from major gastroenterology meetings were manually searched. Contact was made with pharmaceutical companies manufacturing type I IFNs.
Randomised controlled trials of type I IFNs for induction of remission in UC were included. The study population included patients of any age with active ulcerative colitis. There were no exclusions based on type, dose or duration of IFN treatment. The primary outcome was induction of remission of ulcerative colitis. Secondary outcomes included: time to remission, mean change in disease activity index score, clinical, histological or endoscopic improvement, improvement in quality of life, and adverse events.
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
Two independent investigators reviewed studies for eligibility, extracted the data and assessed study quality using Jadad's criteria. A random or fixed effects model was chosen based on an assessment of heterogeneity, and studies were weighted using the DerSimonian & Laird or the Mantel-Haenszel method accordingly. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 4.2.10 software.
Four studies were eligible for inclusion. Three studies compared type I IFNs to placebo and a single study compared IFNs to prednisolone enemas in patients with left-sided colitis. Meta-analysis was based on the three IFN-placebo studies. There was no significant benefit of type I IFNs over placebo for inducing remission in ulcerative colitis (RR 1.24; 95% CI 0.81 to 1.90). There were no statistically significant differences in any of the secondary outcome variables.