[Mechanism and promotion effect of K+ on yield of Fe(VI)].Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2008 Mar; 29(3):677-82.HJ
The mechanism and promotion effects of K+ on the yield of Fe(VI) were studied during the reaction of forming ferrate. The experiment results showed that K+ is far better than Na+ for the preparation of Fe(VI) at temperatures higher than 50 degrees C. The optimal temperature for the preparation of Fe(VI) with K+ is 65 degrees C. During the reaction, the yield of ferrate increases with the concentration of K+, and the promotion effect of K+ is obviously with ferric nitrate dosage increase. The Fe(VI) concentration prepared with 4.4 mol/L KOH is 0.05 mol/L at 85 g/L ferric nitrate; and which achieves 0.15 mol/L when added 2 mol/L K+. The promotion effect of K+ on the yield of ferrate is remarkable when ferric nitrate dosage is higher than 75 g/L, reaction temperature is below 55 degrees C and ClO(-) concentration is lower than 1.16 mol/L. The K+ can substitute for partly alkalinity and reduce the concentration of OH(-) in the reaction solution. During the reaction, the K+ can enwrap around FeO4(2-) that can reduce the contact between Fe(3+) and FeO4(2-), and decrease the catalysis effect of Fe(3+) on FeO4(2-). At the same time, K+ can react with FeO4(2-) to form solid K4FeO4, whichwill lower the Fe(VI) concentration, decrease the decomposition rate of Fe(VI), enhance the stability and improve the yield of Fe(VI).