Long-term genotoxic effect of monocrotophos in different tissues of freshwater fish Channa punctatus (Bloch) using alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis.Sci Total Environ. 2008 Nov 01; 405(1-3):345-50.ST
Monocrotophos, commonly known as azodrin, is one of the organophosphate pesticides extensively used in agricultural practices throughout the world. However, little information is available on its long-term genotoxic effects in different tissues of fish using genotoxicity biomarkers. The objective of the present study was to detect DNA damage, induced by monocrotophos in freshwater teleost fish Channa punctatus using the comet assay. The LC(50)-96 h value of technical-grade monocrotophos was estimated for the fish species in a semi-static system. On the basis of the LC(50) value, the sublethal and nonlethal concentrations were determined. The DNA damage was measured in the gill, kidney and lymphocytes as the percentage of DNA in comet tails of fish exposed to different sublethal and nonlethal concentrations of monocrotophos. In general, significant effects (P<0.01) from both concentration and time of exposure were observed in exposed fish. It was found that the tissues at all concentrations exhibited the highest DNA damage on day 4, after which there was a decline in percentage tail DNA. The comparison of DNA damage among tissues at different concentrations indicated that the gill cells were more sensitive to the pesticide than the kidney cells and lymphocytes. This study also explored the utility of the comet assay for in vivo laboratory studies using fish for screening the genotoxic potential of various agents.