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[Risk factors for smoking among the adult population--results of WOBASZ study in Lódź district].

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Nowadays, tobacco smoking is the single most preventable cause of death all over the word. Now it kills annually more than five million people and this number will increase to over 8 million by 2030. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of smoking and risk factors for smoking in the adult population of the Lódź district.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

We included into the study a representative group of the adult population (1037 people) living in this district. The sampling and all study procedures were based on the methods for Multi-Center Representative Nationwide Study--WOBASZ. A questionnaire was employed to determine the smoking status. Logistic regression models were applied to assess the factors related to the smoking habit.

RESULTS

In the study population, 40.8% of men and 19.5% of women were active smokers. The following factors were associated with the smoking status: lower educational level (OR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.4-6.8) and lower level of income (OR = 2.4; 95% CI: 1.2-4.9) in men, and marital status--widow (OR = 3.3, 95% CI: 1.4-7.5) in women. People living in small districts showed a higher risk for smoking than those living in larger urban areas (men, OR = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.3-3.6; women, OR = 2.8, 95% CI: 1.5-5.2) Older persons smoke less frequently than younger ones (men, OR = 0.3; 95% CI: 0.1-0.8; women, OR = 0.1; 95% CI: 0.02-0.5).

CONCLUSIONS

The lower levels of education and income, as well as living in small districts are the risk factors for cigarette smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

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Zakład Medycyny Zapobiegawczej, Katedra Medycyny Społecznej i Zapobiegawczej Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lódź.

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Source

Medycyna pracy 59:2 2008 pg 143-8

MeSH

Adult
Attitude to Health
Confidence Intervals
Female
Health Status
Humans
Income
Male
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Poland
Prevalence
Primary Prevention
Rural Population
Sex Distribution
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

pol

PubMed ID

18652139

Citation

Kaleta, Dorota, et al. "[Risk Factors for Smoking Among the Adult Population--results of WOBASZ Study in Lódź District]." Medycyna Pracy, vol. 59, no. 2, 2008, pp. 143-8.
Kaleta D, Polańska K, Kwaśniewska M, et al. [Risk factors for smoking among the adult population--results of WOBASZ study in Lódź district]. Med Pr. 2008;59(2):143-8.
Kaleta, D., Polańska, K., Kwaśniewska, M., Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, E., Hanke, W., & Drygas, W. (2008). [Risk factors for smoking among the adult population--results of WOBASZ study in Lódź district]. Medycyna Pracy, 59(2), pp. 143-8.
Kaleta D, et al. [Risk Factors for Smoking Among the Adult Population--results of WOBASZ Study in Lódź District]. Med Pr. 2008;59(2):143-8. PubMed PMID: 18652139.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Risk factors for smoking among the adult population--results of WOBASZ study in Lódź district]. AU - Kaleta,Dorota, AU - Polańska,Kinga, AU - Kwaśniewska,Magdalena, AU - Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk,Elzbieta, AU - Hanke,Wojciech, AU - Drygas,Wojciech, PY - 2008/7/26/pubmed PY - 2008/8/8/medline PY - 2008/7/26/entrez SP - 143 EP - 8 JF - Medycyna pracy JO - Med Pr VL - 59 IS - 2 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, tobacco smoking is the single most preventable cause of death all over the word. Now it kills annually more than five million people and this number will increase to over 8 million by 2030. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of smoking and risk factors for smoking in the adult population of the Lódź district. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included into the study a representative group of the adult population (1037 people) living in this district. The sampling and all study procedures were based on the methods for Multi-Center Representative Nationwide Study--WOBASZ. A questionnaire was employed to determine the smoking status. Logistic regression models were applied to assess the factors related to the smoking habit. RESULTS: In the study population, 40.8% of men and 19.5% of women were active smokers. The following factors were associated with the smoking status: lower educational level (OR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.4-6.8) and lower level of income (OR = 2.4; 95% CI: 1.2-4.9) in men, and marital status--widow (OR = 3.3, 95% CI: 1.4-7.5) in women. People living in small districts showed a higher risk for smoking than those living in larger urban areas (men, OR = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.3-3.6; women, OR = 2.8, 95% CI: 1.5-5.2) Older persons smoke less frequently than younger ones (men, OR = 0.3; 95% CI: 0.1-0.8; women, OR = 0.1; 95% CI: 0.02-0.5). CONCLUSIONS: The lower levels of education and income, as well as living in small districts are the risk factors for cigarette smoking. SN - 0465-5893 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18652139/[Risk_factors_for_smoking_among_the_adult_population__results_of_WOBASZ_study_in_Lódź_district]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/quittingsmoking.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -