Protective effects of catalpol against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in astrocytes primary cultures.Neurosci Lett. 2008 Sep 19; 442(3):224-7.NL
It has been proposed that ROS production, including H(2)O(2), may lead to neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Catalpol, an iridoid glycoside, presents in the root of Rehmannia glutinosa, protects cells and mice from damage caused by a variety of toxic stimuli. In this study, we investigated whether catalpol could protect astrocytes from oxidant stress induced by H(2)O(2) because of the critical role of astrocytes in the brain and found the possible mechanism of protection. The results showed that catalpol could significantly increase the cell viability and reduce the intracellular ROS formation. Furthermore, catalpol attenuated H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative stress via preventing the decrease in the activities of antioxidant enzymes in glutathione redox cycling such as glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione content. However, the catalase activity did not appear to be elevated by catalpol adequately. Together, the main mechanism underlying the protective effects of catalpol in H(2)O(2)-injured astrocytes might be related to the maintenance of glutathione metabolism balance and the decrease of ROS formation. Therefore, catalpol may be developed as a potential preventive or therapeutic drug for neurodegenerative diseases associated with oxidative stress.