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Migrants travelling to their country of origin: a bridge population for HIV transmission?
Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Dec; 84(7):554-5.ST

Abstract

BACKGROUND

By having unprotected heterosexual contact in both The Netherlands and their homeland, migrants who travel to their homeland might form a bridge population for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission. We studied the determinants for such a population in two large migrant communities in The Netherlands.

METHODS

From 2003 to 2005, 1938 people of Surinamese and Antillean origin were recruited at social venues in two large cities, interviewed and their saliva samples tested for HIV antibodies. We used multivariate multinomial logistic regression to explore characteristics of groups with four risk levels (no, low, moderate and high) for cross-border transmission.

RESULTS

1159/1938 (60%) participants had travelled from The Netherlands to their homeland in the previous 5 years and 1092 (94%) of them reported partnerships and condom use in both countries. Of these 9.2% reported having unprotected sex with partners in both countries. People in this high-risk or bridge population group were more likely to be male, frequent travellers and older compared with people who had no sex or had sexual contact solely in one country in the past 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS

Older male travellers of Surinamese and Antillean origin are at high risk for cross-border heterosexual transmission of HIV/STIs. They should be targeted by prevention programmes, which are focused on sexual health education and HIV/STI testing, to raise their risk awareness and prevent transmission.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Research, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Health Service of Amsterdam, PO Box 2200, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. mkramer@ggd.amsterdam.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18653565

Citation

Kramer, M A., et al. "Migrants Travelling to Their Country of Origin: a Bridge Population for HIV Transmission?" Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 84, no. 7, 2008, pp. 554-5.
Kramer MA, van Veen MG, de Coul EL, et al. Migrants travelling to their country of origin: a bridge population for HIV transmission? Sex Transm Infect. 2008;84(7):554-5.
Kramer, M. A., van Veen, M. G., de Coul, E. L., Geskus, R. B., Coutinho, R. A., van de Laar, M. J., & Prins, M. (2008). Migrants travelling to their country of origin: a bridge population for HIV transmission? Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84(7), 554-5. https://doi.org/10.1136/sti.2008.032094
Kramer MA, et al. Migrants Travelling to Their Country of Origin: a Bridge Population for HIV Transmission. Sex Transm Infect. 2008;84(7):554-5. PubMed PMID: 18653565.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Migrants travelling to their country of origin: a bridge population for HIV transmission? AU - Kramer,M A, AU - van Veen,M G, AU - de Coul,E L M Op, AU - Geskus,R B, AU - Coutinho,R A, AU - van de Laar,M J W, AU - Prins,M, Y1 - 2008/07/24/ PY - 2008/7/26/pubmed PY - 2009/3/5/medline PY - 2008/7/26/entrez SP - 554 EP - 5 JF - Sexually transmitted infections JO - Sex Transm Infect VL - 84 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: By having unprotected heterosexual contact in both The Netherlands and their homeland, migrants who travel to their homeland might form a bridge population for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission. We studied the determinants for such a population in two large migrant communities in The Netherlands. METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, 1938 people of Surinamese and Antillean origin were recruited at social venues in two large cities, interviewed and their saliva samples tested for HIV antibodies. We used multivariate multinomial logistic regression to explore characteristics of groups with four risk levels (no, low, moderate and high) for cross-border transmission. RESULTS: 1159/1938 (60%) participants had travelled from The Netherlands to their homeland in the previous 5 years and 1092 (94%) of them reported partnerships and condom use in both countries. Of these 9.2% reported having unprotected sex with partners in both countries. People in this high-risk or bridge population group were more likely to be male, frequent travellers and older compared with people who had no sex or had sexual contact solely in one country in the past 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Older male travellers of Surinamese and Antillean origin are at high risk for cross-border heterosexual transmission of HIV/STIs. They should be targeted by prevention programmes, which are focused on sexual health education and HIV/STI testing, to raise their risk awareness and prevent transmission. SN - 1472-3263 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18653565/Migrants_travelling_to_their_country_of_origin:_a_bridge_population_for_HIV_transmission L2 - https://sti.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18653565 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -