Contact angles of diiodomethane on silicon-doped diamond-like carbon coatings in electrolyte solutions.J Colloid Interface Sci. 2008 Oct 15; 326(2):329-32.JC
The influence of surrounding electrolyte type and concentration on the contact angle of hydrophobic diiodomethane on silicon-doped diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings was examined to provide insight into how the presence of electrolytes in the solution influences adhesion of hydrophobic material to doped DLC surfaces. There was a small but statistically significant increase of contact angle with increasing electrolyte concentration over the range from 0 to approximately 0.01 M, after which the contact angle was virtually unaffected by further increase in the concentration of electrolyte. It was shown that CaCl(2) has a stronger influence on the change of the contact angle than NaCl, and that an increase in Si content in the DLC coatings increased the change in the contact angle of diiodomethane for all types of electrolyte. These observations suggest that the adhesion to the Si-doped DLC surfaces is reduced by addition of the electrolytes to the surrounding solvent. This could be explained by increased ion adsorption on the DLC surface with increase in silicon doping, causing the surfaces to be more hydrophilic.