Antisense oligonucleotide directed to human apolipoprotein B-100 reduces lipoprotein(a) levels and oxidized phospholipids on human apolipoprotein B-100 particles in lipoprotein(a) transgenic mice.Circulation. 2008 Aug 12; 118(7):743-53.Circ
Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] is a genetic cardiovascular risk factor that preferentially binds oxidized phospholipids (OxPL) in plasma. There is a lack of therapeutic agents that reduce plasma Lp(a) levels.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Transgenic mice overexpressing human apolipoprotein B-100 (h-apoB-100 [h-apoB mice]) or h-apoB-100 plus human apo(a) to generate genuine Lp(a) particles [Lp(a) mice] were treated with the antisense oligonucleotide mipomersen directed to h-apoB-100 mRNA or control antisense oligonucleotide for 11 weeks by intraperitoneal injection. Mice were then followed up for an additional 10 weeks off therapy. Lp(a) levels [apo(a) bound to apoB-100] and apo(a) levels ["free" apo(a) plus apo(a) bound to apoB-100] were measured by chemiluminescent enzyme-linked immunoassay and commercial assays, respectively. The content of OxPL on h-apoB-100 particles (OxPL/h-apoB) was measured by capturing h-apoB-100 in microtiter wells and detecting OxPL by antibody E06. As expected, mipomersen significantly reduced plasma h-apoB-100 levels in both groups of mice. In Lp(a) mice, mipomersen significantly reduced Lp(a) levels by approximately 75% compared with baseline (P<0.0001) but had no effect on apo(a) levels or hepatic apo(a) mRNA expression. OxPL/h-apoB levels were much higher at baseline in Lp(a) mice compared with h-ApoB mice (P<0.0001) but decreased in a time-dependent fashion with mipomersen. There was no effect of the control antisense oligonucleotide on lipoprotein levels or oxidative parameters.
Mipomersen significantly reduced Lp(a) and OxPL/apoB levels in Lp(a) mice. The present study demonstrates that h-apoB-100 is a limiting factor in Lp(a) particle synthesis in this Lp(a) transgenic model. If applicable to humans, mipomersen may represent a novel therapeutic approach to reducing Lp(a) levels and their associated OxPL.