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ADHD subtypes and co-occurring anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder: differences in Gordon diagnostic system and Wechsler working memory and processing speed index scores.
J Atten Disord. 2009 May; 12(6):540-50.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Freedom-from-Distractibility/Working Memory Index (FDI/WMI), Processing Speed Index (PSI), and Gordon Diagnostic System (GDS) scores in ADHD children were examined as a function of subtype and coexisting anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder.

METHOD

Participants were 587 children with ADHD combined type (alone, with oppositional-defiant disorder, and with anxiety or depression) and ADHD inattentive type (alone and with anxiety or depression).

RESULTS

Attention scores (FDI/WMI and GDS Vigilance and Distractibility) were similar and low for all groups. ADHD combined groups had greater impulsivity (GDS Delay) than ADHD inattentive groups, and ADHD inattentive groups had slower processing speed (PSI) than ADHD combined groups. Comorbidity did not affect test performance. Scores differentiated ADHD subtypes with 72% accuracy.

CONCLUSION

Findings support the validity of DSM-IV ADHD combined and inattentive subtypes and the validity of the GDS, FDI/WMI, and PSI in assessing attention, impulsivity, and processing speed in children with ADHD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Penn State College of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. smayes@psu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18664713

Citation

Mayes, Susan Dickerson, et al. "ADHD Subtypes and Co-occurring Anxiety, Depression, and Oppositional-defiant Disorder: Differences in Gordon Diagnostic System and Wechsler Working Memory and Processing Speed Index Scores." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 12, no. 6, 2009, pp. 540-50.
Mayes SD, Calhoun SL, Chase GA, et al. ADHD subtypes and co-occurring anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder: differences in Gordon diagnostic system and Wechsler working memory and processing speed index scores. J Atten Disord. 2009;12(6):540-50.
Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Chase, G. A., Mink, D. M., & Stagg, R. E. (2009). ADHD subtypes and co-occurring anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder: differences in Gordon diagnostic system and Wechsler working memory and processing speed index scores. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(6), 540-50. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054708320402
Mayes SD, et al. ADHD Subtypes and Co-occurring Anxiety, Depression, and Oppositional-defiant Disorder: Differences in Gordon Diagnostic System and Wechsler Working Memory and Processing Speed Index Scores. J Atten Disord. 2009;12(6):540-50. PubMed PMID: 18664713.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ADHD subtypes and co-occurring anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder: differences in Gordon diagnostic system and Wechsler working memory and processing speed index scores. AU - Mayes,Susan Dickerson, AU - Calhoun,Susan L, AU - Chase,Gary A, AU - Mink,Danielle M, AU - Stagg,Ryan E, Y1 - 2008/07/29/ PY - 2008/7/31/pubmed PY - 2009/6/19/medline PY - 2008/7/31/entrez SP - 540 EP - 50 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 12 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Freedom-from-Distractibility/Working Memory Index (FDI/WMI), Processing Speed Index (PSI), and Gordon Diagnostic System (GDS) scores in ADHD children were examined as a function of subtype and coexisting anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder. METHOD: Participants were 587 children with ADHD combined type (alone, with oppositional-defiant disorder, and with anxiety or depression) and ADHD inattentive type (alone and with anxiety or depression). RESULTS: Attention scores (FDI/WMI and GDS Vigilance and Distractibility) were similar and low for all groups. ADHD combined groups had greater impulsivity (GDS Delay) than ADHD inattentive groups, and ADHD inattentive groups had slower processing speed (PSI) than ADHD combined groups. Comorbidity did not affect test performance. Scores differentiated ADHD subtypes with 72% accuracy. CONCLUSION: Findings support the validity of DSM-IV ADHD combined and inattentive subtypes and the validity of the GDS, FDI/WMI, and PSI in assessing attention, impulsivity, and processing speed in children with ADHD. SN - 1087-0547 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18664713/ADHD_subtypes_and_co_occurring_anxiety_depression_and_oppositional_defiant_disorder:_differences_in_Gordon_diagnostic_system_and_Wechsler_working_memory_and_processing_speed_index_scores_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1087054708320402?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -