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Gait festination and freezing in Parkinson's disease: pathogenesis and rehabilitation.
Mov Disord. 2008; 23 Suppl 2:S451-60.MD

Abstract

Freezing and festination during gait are common yet poorly understood motor control deficits in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). As a basis for evidence based clinical decision making during rehabilitation, we explore the underlying factors associated with freezing of gait in PD. It is argued that disorders of motor set and the sequence effect (festination) are associated with freezing, either in isolation or in combination. The contribution of environmental constraints, task related factors, attention, mental status, and prolonged use of PD medications are also investigated. On the basis of these findings, we propose strategies to reduce the frequency and severity of freezing episodes for a range of locomotion tasks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Australia. m.morris@unimelb.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18668618

Citation

Morris, Meg E., et al. "Gait Festination and Freezing in Parkinson's Disease: Pathogenesis and Rehabilitation." Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society, vol. 23 Suppl 2, 2008, pp. S451-60.
Morris ME, Iansek R, Galna B. Gait festination and freezing in Parkinson's disease: pathogenesis and rehabilitation. Mov Disord. 2008;23 Suppl 2:S451-60.
Morris, M. E., Iansek, R., & Galna, B. (2008). Gait festination and freezing in Parkinson's disease: pathogenesis and rehabilitation. Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society, 23 Suppl 2, S451-60. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21974
Morris ME, Iansek R, Galna B. Gait Festination and Freezing in Parkinson's Disease: Pathogenesis and Rehabilitation. Mov Disord. 2008;23 Suppl 2:S451-60. PubMed PMID: 18668618.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gait festination and freezing in Parkinson's disease: pathogenesis and rehabilitation. AU - Morris,Meg E, AU - Iansek,Robert, AU - Galna,Brook, PY - 2008/8/1/pubmed PY - 2008/12/23/medline PY - 2008/8/1/entrez SP - S451 EP - 60 JF - Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society JO - Mov Disord VL - 23 Suppl 2 N2 - Freezing and festination during gait are common yet poorly understood motor control deficits in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). As a basis for evidence based clinical decision making during rehabilitation, we explore the underlying factors associated with freezing of gait in PD. It is argued that disorders of motor set and the sequence effect (festination) are associated with freezing, either in isolation or in combination. The contribution of environmental constraints, task related factors, attention, mental status, and prolonged use of PD medications are also investigated. On the basis of these findings, we propose strategies to reduce the frequency and severity of freezing episodes for a range of locomotion tasks. SN - 1531-8257 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18668618/Gait_festination_and_freezing_in_Parkinson's_disease:_pathogenesis_and_rehabilitation_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21974 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -