Transepithelial transport and stability in blood serum of angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory dipeptides.Z Naturforsch C J Biosci. 2008 May-Jun; 63(5-6):451-9.ZN
The dipeptides Ala-Trp, Val-Phe, and Val-Tyr inhibit the angiotensin-I-converting enzyme. They are encrypted within the primary sequences of different food proteins, e.g. milk proteins. The angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory potency of these synthetic dipeptides was quantified using a spectrophotometric assay. The dipeptides showed no adverse effects on differentiated Caco-2 cells (model for human intestinal epithelium), as confirmed by transepithelial electrical resistance, microscopy and the activity of the brush-border enzyme dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV. Furthermore, the transport of these bioactive dipeptides through intact Caco-2 monolayers and their stability to incubation in human blood serum has been demonstrated for the first time. Low molecular mass peptides represent the minimal structures required for angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibition which have a high potential bioavailability. Therefore, they may act as target peptides in enriched hydrolysates for the preparation of an angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptide and for the use in special formulations as functional foods/foods of specified health use.