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The effects of cervical headgear with an expanded inner bow in the permanent dentition.
Eur J Orthod. 2008 Aug; 30(4):425-30.EJ

Abstract

In this study, the effects of cervical headgear (CHG) use on the transverse dimension of the maxillary dental arch were evaluated in patients in the permanent dentition. Thirteen girls and 12 boys (mean age: 13.41 +/- 0.52 years) with a bilateral full cusp Class II molar relationship comprised the study group. Fifteen girls and 10 boys with a Class I normal occlusion comprised the controls. In the treatment group, CHG with an expanded inner bow was used for a mean period of 11.2 +/- 5.6 months. The headgear was used for molar distalization and the force magnitude was 196.1 cN. After CHG treatment, the patients underwent non-extraction fixed orthodontic treatment for 14.1 +/- 2.5 months. During this period, the control group received regular dental check-ups. Dental casts obtained at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of headgear use and at the end of orthodontic treatment (T3) and posteroanterior cephalograms taken at T1 and T2 were evaluated. A Student's t-test was used for intergroup comparison at T1, T2, and T3 and a Mann-Whitney U-test with a Bonferroni correction for comparison of treatment/observation changes. At T2, intercanine (0.96 +/- 0.56 mm), interpremolar (1.6 +/- 0.55 mm for the first premolar, 1.74 +/- 0.65 mm for the second premolar), and intermolar (2.31 +/- 0.75 mm) widths increased, while the distance between the intersection of the zygomatic process and the maxillary alveolar process on the right (JR) and left (JL) did not change. Fixed orthodontic treatment did not have any effect on any of the measurements. With the intentional expansion of the inner bow of CHG, the amount of maxillary dental arch expansion achieved in the permanent dentition was statistically significant (P < 0.017).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, Gazi University, Emek, Ankara, Turkey. kaleselin@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18678761

Citation

Varlik, Selin Kale, and Hakan N. Iscan. "The Effects of Cervical Headgear With an Expanded Inner Bow in the Permanent Dentition." European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 30, no. 4, 2008, pp. 425-30.
Varlik SK, Iscan HN. The effects of cervical headgear with an expanded inner bow in the permanent dentition. Eur J Orthod. 2008;30(4):425-30.
Varlik, S. K., & Iscan, H. N. (2008). The effects of cervical headgear with an expanded inner bow in the permanent dentition. European Journal of Orthodontics, 30(4), 425-30. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjn016
Varlik SK, Iscan HN. The Effects of Cervical Headgear With an Expanded Inner Bow in the Permanent Dentition. Eur J Orthod. 2008;30(4):425-30. PubMed PMID: 18678761.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of cervical headgear with an expanded inner bow in the permanent dentition. AU - Varlik,Selin Kale, AU - Iscan,Hakan N, PY - 2008/8/6/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/8/6/entrez SP - 425 EP - 30 JF - European journal of orthodontics JO - Eur J Orthod VL - 30 IS - 4 N2 - In this study, the effects of cervical headgear (CHG) use on the transverse dimension of the maxillary dental arch were evaluated in patients in the permanent dentition. Thirteen girls and 12 boys (mean age: 13.41 +/- 0.52 years) with a bilateral full cusp Class II molar relationship comprised the study group. Fifteen girls and 10 boys with a Class I normal occlusion comprised the controls. In the treatment group, CHG with an expanded inner bow was used for a mean period of 11.2 +/- 5.6 months. The headgear was used for molar distalization and the force magnitude was 196.1 cN. After CHG treatment, the patients underwent non-extraction fixed orthodontic treatment for 14.1 +/- 2.5 months. During this period, the control group received regular dental check-ups. Dental casts obtained at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of headgear use and at the end of orthodontic treatment (T3) and posteroanterior cephalograms taken at T1 and T2 were evaluated. A Student's t-test was used for intergroup comparison at T1, T2, and T3 and a Mann-Whitney U-test with a Bonferroni correction for comparison of treatment/observation changes. At T2, intercanine (0.96 +/- 0.56 mm), interpremolar (1.6 +/- 0.55 mm for the first premolar, 1.74 +/- 0.65 mm for the second premolar), and intermolar (2.31 +/- 0.75 mm) widths increased, while the distance between the intersection of the zygomatic process and the maxillary alveolar process on the right (JR) and left (JL) did not change. Fixed orthodontic treatment did not have any effect on any of the measurements. With the intentional expansion of the inner bow of CHG, the amount of maxillary dental arch expansion achieved in the permanent dentition was statistically significant (P < 0.017). SN - 1460-2210 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18678761/The_effects_of_cervical_headgear_with_an_expanded_inner_bow_in_the_permanent_dentition_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ejo/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ejo/cjn016 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -