Urinary excretion of degradation products of prostacyclin and thromboxane is increased in patients with gestational choriocarcinoma.Cancer Res. 1991 Aug 15; 51(16):4146-8.CR
Gestational choriocarcinoma metastasizes rapidly, in which process the vasoactive prostanoids may be significant. We therefore compared the urinary excretion of prostacyclin and thromboxane A2 (TxA2) metabolites in 19 women with gestational choriocarcinoma and 20 healthy age-matched women by assessing spot urine samples for 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha) and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha) (degradation products of prostacyclin) as well as for thromboxane B2 (TxB2) and 2,3-dinor-TxB2 (degradation products of TxA2) by high-pressure liquid chromatography, followed by radioimmunoassay; the data were related to urinary creatinine concentration. The urinary output of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha [29.56 +/- 7.0 versus 25.08 +/- 3.91 ng/mmol creatinine (SE)] in patients with choriocarcinoma was normal, but that of 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha in cancer patients was higher than in controls (24.44 +/- 5.20 versus 14.84 +/- 1.94, P less than 0.02), as was that of TxB2 (22.72 +/- 4.69 versus 9.69 +/- 1.52, P less than 0.001) and 2,3-dinor-TxB2 (114.21 +/- 30.81 versus 51.81 +/- 10.40, P less than 0.01). The ratio of net prostacyclin output (6-keto-PGF1 alpha plus 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha) to the net TxA2 output (TxB2 plus 2,3-dinor-TxB2) in cancer patients [0.52 +/- 0.1 (SE)] was lower (P less than 0.03) than in the controls (0.83 +/- 0.1), and in an inverse relation (r = -0.54, P less than 0.05) to the scoring index of poor prognosis for the disease. We conclude that the prostanoid excess in gestational trophoblastic disease, as evidenced for the first time in this study, may originate from choriocarcinoma cells, or may be a paraneoplastic phenomenon, and we conclude also that TxA2 excess may contribute to the tumor growth and/or formation of metastases.