Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Sep; 3(5):1227-31.CJ

Abstract

Organ commercialism, which targets vulnerable populations (such as illiterate and impoverished persons, undocumented immigrants, prisoners, and political or economic refugees) in resource-poor countries, has been condemned by international bodies such as the World Health Organization for decades. Yet in recent years, as a consequence of the increasing ease of Internet communication and the willingness of patients in rich countries to travel and purchase organs, organ trafficking and transplant tourism have grown into global problems. For example, as of 2006, foreigners received two-thirds of the 2000 kidney transplants performed annually in Pakistan. The Istanbul Declaration proclaims that the poor who sell their organs are being exploited, whether by richer people within their own countries or by transplant tourists from abroad. Moreover, transplant tourists risk physical harm by unregulated and illegal transplantation. Participants in the Istanbul Summit concluded that transplant commercialism, which targets the vulnerable, transplant tourism, and organ trafficking should be prohibited. And they also urged their fellow transplant professionals, individually and through their organizations, to put an end to these unethical activities and foster safe, accountable practices that meet the needs of transplant recipients while protecting donors. Countries from which transplant tourists originate, as well as those to which they travel to obtain transplants, are just beginning to address their respective responsibilities to protect their people from exploitation and to develop national self-sufficiency in organ donation. The Declaration should reinforce the resolve of governments and international organizations to develop laws and guidelines to bring an end to wrongful practices. "The legacy of transplantation is threatened by organ trafficking and transplant tourism. The Declaration of Istanbul aims to combat these activities and to preserve the nobility of organ donation. The success of transplantation as a life-saving treatment does not require-nor justify-victimizing the world's poor as the source of organs for the rich" (Steering Committee of the Istanbul Summit).

Pub Type(s)

Consensus Development Conference
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18701611

Citation

International Summit on Transplant Tourism and Organ Trafficking. "The Declaration of Istanbul On Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism." Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN, vol. 3, no. 5, 2008, pp. 1227-31.
International Summit on Transplant Tourism and Organ Trafficking. The Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008;3(5):1227-31.
International Summit on Transplant Tourism and Organ Trafficking. (2008). The Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN, 3(5), 1227-31. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.03320708
International Summit on Transplant Tourism and Organ Trafficking. The Declaration of Istanbul On Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008;3(5):1227-31. PubMed PMID: 18701611.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. A1 - ,, Y1 - 2008/08/13/ PY - 2008/8/15/pubmed PY - 2008/11/19/medline PY - 2008/8/15/entrez SP - 1227 EP - 31 JF - Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN JO - Clin J Am Soc Nephrol VL - 3 IS - 5 N2 - Organ commercialism, which targets vulnerable populations (such as illiterate and impoverished persons, undocumented immigrants, prisoners, and political or economic refugees) in resource-poor countries, has been condemned by international bodies such as the World Health Organization for decades. Yet in recent years, as a consequence of the increasing ease of Internet communication and the willingness of patients in rich countries to travel and purchase organs, organ trafficking and transplant tourism have grown into global problems. For example, as of 2006, foreigners received two-thirds of the 2000 kidney transplants performed annually in Pakistan. The Istanbul Declaration proclaims that the poor who sell their organs are being exploited, whether by richer people within their own countries or by transplant tourists from abroad. Moreover, transplant tourists risk physical harm by unregulated and illegal transplantation. Participants in the Istanbul Summit concluded that transplant commercialism, which targets the vulnerable, transplant tourism, and organ trafficking should be prohibited. And they also urged their fellow transplant professionals, individually and through their organizations, to put an end to these unethical activities and foster safe, accountable practices that meet the needs of transplant recipients while protecting donors. Countries from which transplant tourists originate, as well as those to which they travel to obtain transplants, are just beginning to address their respective responsibilities to protect their people from exploitation and to develop national self-sufficiency in organ donation. The Declaration should reinforce the resolve of governments and international organizations to develop laws and guidelines to bring an end to wrongful practices. "The legacy of transplantation is threatened by organ trafficking and transplant tourism. The Declaration of Istanbul aims to combat these activities and to preserve the nobility of organ donation. The success of transplantation as a life-saving treatment does not require-nor justify-victimizing the world's poor as the source of organs for the rich" (Steering Committee of the Istanbul Summit). SN - 1555-905X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18701611/The_Declaration_of_Istanbul_on_Organ_Trafficking_and_Transplant_Tourism_ L2 - https://cjasn.asnjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18701611 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -