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Renal function and serum albumin at the start of dialysis in 514 Chinese ESRD in-patients.
Ren Fail. 2008; 30(7):685-90.RF

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The dialysis population has grown rapidly in recent decades. Despite the high cost and poor outcomes of dialysis treatment for ESRD, there are scant data about the level of renal function and the relationship of renal function and serum albumin at the start of dialysis in Chinese ESRD patients.

METHOD

We report the level of serum creatinine (Scr), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and serum albumin (Salb) in 514 ESRD in-patients who began their dialysis treatment between January 2001 through December 2007 at two large dialysis centers in Changsha, Hunan, China. Data were obtained through reviewing the case records of all 514 patients. GFR was predicted by an equation developed from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study. In addition, serum albumin was analyzed in relation to levels of predicted GFR.

RESULTS

The mean (SD) and median predialysis serum creatinine was 1121.92 +/- 458.24 and 1032 micromol/L. The mean (SD) and median predicted GFR was 4.98 +/- 2.24 and 4.47mL/min/1.73m(2). The proportion of patients with predicted GFR of >10, 5 to 10, and <5 mL/min/1.73m(2) was 3.7, 36.2, and 60.1%, respectively. The mean predicted GFR was significantly lower among younger patients, uninsured patients, unemployed or farmer patients, patients who were employed, students, patients who selected hemodialysis, patients with ESRD caused by diseases other than diabetes, patients with BUN above the mean, and patients with hemoglobulin beneath the mean. Compared with patients who started with GFR >5mL/min, the patients who started with GFR <or=5mL/min had significantly higher plasma urea and creatinine levels but significantly lower creatinine clearance (mL/min per 1.73m(2)) and parameters of nutritional status, such as serum albumin, body weight, and BMI.

CONCLUSION

A wide variation existed in renal function at the initiation of dialysis in partial Chinese ESRD patients. Most patients start dialysis at very low levels of predicted GFR. The nutritional status in patients who start dialysis early was better than those in patients who start dialysis when GFR <or= 5mL/min. Further studies are needed to analyze the impact of level of renal function and nutritional status at the start of dialysis on the outcomes of ESRD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nephrology Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18704816

Citation

Liu, Hong, et al. "Renal Function and Serum Albumin at the Start of Dialysis in 514 Chinese ESRD In-patients." Renal Failure, vol. 30, no. 7, 2008, pp. 685-90.
Liu H, Peng Y, Liu F, et al. Renal function and serum albumin at the start of dialysis in 514 Chinese ESRD in-patients. Ren Fail. 2008;30(7):685-90.
Liu, H., Peng, Y., Liu, F., Xiao, H., Chen, X., Huang, A., & Liu, Y. (2008). Renal function and serum albumin at the start of dialysis in 514 Chinese ESRD in-patients. Renal Failure, 30(7), 685-90. https://doi.org/10.1080/08860220802212619
Liu H, et al. Renal Function and Serum Albumin at the Start of Dialysis in 514 Chinese ESRD In-patients. Ren Fail. 2008;30(7):685-90. PubMed PMID: 18704816.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Renal function and serum albumin at the start of dialysis in 514 Chinese ESRD in-patients. AU - Liu,Hong, AU - Peng,Youming, AU - Liu,Fuyou, AU - Xiao,Haiqing, AU - Chen,Xing, AU - Huang,Anlan, AU - Liu,Yinghong, PY - 2008/8/16/pubmed PY - 2008/11/14/medline PY - 2008/8/16/entrez SP - 685 EP - 90 JF - Renal failure JO - Ren Fail VL - 30 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: The dialysis population has grown rapidly in recent decades. Despite the high cost and poor outcomes of dialysis treatment for ESRD, there are scant data about the level of renal function and the relationship of renal function and serum albumin at the start of dialysis in Chinese ESRD patients. METHOD: We report the level of serum creatinine (Scr), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and serum albumin (Salb) in 514 ESRD in-patients who began their dialysis treatment between January 2001 through December 2007 at two large dialysis centers in Changsha, Hunan, China. Data were obtained through reviewing the case records of all 514 patients. GFR was predicted by an equation developed from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study. In addition, serum albumin was analyzed in relation to levels of predicted GFR. RESULTS: The mean (SD) and median predialysis serum creatinine was 1121.92 +/- 458.24 and 1032 micromol/L. The mean (SD) and median predicted GFR was 4.98 +/- 2.24 and 4.47mL/min/1.73m(2). The proportion of patients with predicted GFR of >10, 5 to 10, and <5 mL/min/1.73m(2) was 3.7, 36.2, and 60.1%, respectively. The mean predicted GFR was significantly lower among younger patients, uninsured patients, unemployed or farmer patients, patients who were employed, students, patients who selected hemodialysis, patients with ESRD caused by diseases other than diabetes, patients with BUN above the mean, and patients with hemoglobulin beneath the mean. Compared with patients who started with GFR >5mL/min, the patients who started with GFR <or=5mL/min had significantly higher plasma urea and creatinine levels but significantly lower creatinine clearance (mL/min per 1.73m(2)) and parameters of nutritional status, such as serum albumin, body weight, and BMI. CONCLUSION: A wide variation existed in renal function at the initiation of dialysis in partial Chinese ESRD patients. Most patients start dialysis at very low levels of predicted GFR. The nutritional status in patients who start dialysis early was better than those in patients who start dialysis when GFR <or= 5mL/min. Further studies are needed to analyze the impact of level of renal function and nutritional status at the start of dialysis on the outcomes of ESRD. SN - 1525-6049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18704816/Renal_function_and_serum_albumin_at_the_start_of_dialysis_in_514_Chinese_ESRD_in_patients_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08860220802212619 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -