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Coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors among people aged 25-65 years, as seen in Romanian primary healthcare.
Eur J Gen Pract. 2008; 14(2):56-64.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In Romania data on cardiovascular risk factors are sparse.

OBJECTIVE

To describe the prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular risk factors in a primary care setting in Romania.

METHODS

In a cross-sectional study, patients aged 25-65 years on the lists of four general practitioners in Iasi (Romania), selected by 1/5 systematic sampling, were invited for a cardiovascular risk evaluation (interview, physical examination, blood tests for cholesterol and glucose). Prevalence rates for coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes (DM) and other risk factors were estimated, SCORE risk was determined, and treatment targets were evaluated.

RESULTS

The response rate was 79% (325 men, 476 women). Prevalence rates were: CHD 7.4%, DM 3.2%, hypercholesterolemia (>190 mg%) 47.2%, hypertension 23.7%, obesity 21.2%, and smoking 33.8%. In women, obesity and lack of physical exercise were more prevalent, whereas in men, higher rates were found for smoking and an unhealthy diet. The proportion of patients considered to be at high risk (CHD, DM or SCORE >or= 5%) was 39.2%. Female patients failed to meet targets for systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and glucose, whereas smoking cessation will be the greatest challenge for men.

CONCLUSION

There were relevant gender differences in modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. Many patients failed to meet treatment targets.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Family Medicine, Iasi, Romania. doina_bunescu@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18720274

Citation

Bunescu, Doina M., et al. "Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among People Aged 25-65 Years, as Seen in Romanian Primary Healthcare." The European Journal of General Practice, vol. 14, no. 2, 2008, pp. 56-64.
Bunescu DM, Stoffers HE, van den Akker M, et al. Coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors among people aged 25-65 years, as seen in Romanian primary healthcare. Eur J Gen Pract. 2008;14(2):56-64.
Bunescu, D. M., Stoffers, H. E., van den Akker, M., & Jan Dinant, G. (2008). Coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors among people aged 25-65 years, as seen in Romanian primary healthcare. The European Journal of General Practice, 14(2), 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1080/13814780802343141
Bunescu DM, et al. Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among People Aged 25-65 Years, as Seen in Romanian Primary Healthcare. Eur J Gen Pract. 2008;14(2):56-64. PubMed PMID: 18720274.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors among people aged 25-65 years, as seen in Romanian primary healthcare. AU - Bunescu,Doina M, AU - Stoffers,Henri E J H, AU - van den Akker,Marjan, AU - Jan Dinant,Geert, PY - 2008/8/23/pubmed PY - 2009/2/5/medline PY - 2008/8/23/entrez SP - 56 EP - 64 JF - The European journal of general practice JO - Eur J Gen Pract VL - 14 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: In Romania data on cardiovascular risk factors are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular risk factors in a primary care setting in Romania. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, patients aged 25-65 years on the lists of four general practitioners in Iasi (Romania), selected by 1/5 systematic sampling, were invited for a cardiovascular risk evaluation (interview, physical examination, blood tests for cholesterol and glucose). Prevalence rates for coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes (DM) and other risk factors were estimated, SCORE risk was determined, and treatment targets were evaluated. RESULTS: The response rate was 79% (325 men, 476 women). Prevalence rates were: CHD 7.4%, DM 3.2%, hypercholesterolemia (>190 mg%) 47.2%, hypertension 23.7%, obesity 21.2%, and smoking 33.8%. In women, obesity and lack of physical exercise were more prevalent, whereas in men, higher rates were found for smoking and an unhealthy diet. The proportion of patients considered to be at high risk (CHD, DM or SCORE >or= 5%) was 39.2%. Female patients failed to meet targets for systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and glucose, whereas smoking cessation will be the greatest challenge for men. CONCLUSION: There were relevant gender differences in modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. Many patients failed to meet treatment targets. SN - 1751-1402 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18720274/Coronary_heart_disease_and_cardiovascular_risk_factors_among_people_aged_25_65_years_as_seen_in_Romanian_primary_healthcare_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13814780802343141 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -