Paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation associated with subclinical hyperthyroidism, chronic renal failure and elevation of prostate-specific antigen during acute myocardial infarction.Int J Cardiol 2010; 138(3):e44-6IJ
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a thyroid-stimulating hormone level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is a frequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. It has been reported that subclinical hyperthyroidism is not associated with coronary heart disease or mortality from cardiovascular causes but it is sufficient to induce arrhythmias including an increase in atrial fibrillation rate. It has also been reported that increased factor X activity in patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism represents a potential hypercoagulable state. Moreover chronic renal failure presents an increased arrhythmic risk. Apparently spurious result has been reported in a work about mean serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration during acute myocardial infarction with mean serum PSA concentration significantly lower on day 2 than either day 1 or day 3 and it has been reported that these preliminary results could reflect several factors, such as antiinfarctual treatment, reduced physical activity or an acute-phase response. We present a case of paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation associated with subclinical hyperthyroidism, chronic renal failure and elevation of serum PSA concentration in a 90-year-old Italian man during acute myocardial infarction. Also this case focuses attention on the importance of a correct evaluation of subclinical hyperthyroidism and of chronic renal failure. Moreover, our report also confirms previous findings and extends the evaluation of PSA during acute myocardial infarction.