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Age 17 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers: support for a dimensional perspective on language delay.
J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2009 Feb; 52(1):16-30.JS

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study examined whether late talkers identified at 24-31 months continued to have weaker language and reading skills at 17 years of age than typically developing peers.

METHOD

Language and reading outcomes at 17 years of age were examined in 26 children identified as late talkers with normal nonverbal ability and normal receptive language at intake and in 23 typically developing children matched at intake on age, socioeconomic status (SES), and nonverbal ability.

RESULTS

Although late talkers performed in the average range on all language and reading tasks at 17 years of age, they obtained significantly lower Vocabulary/Grammar and Verbal Memory factor scores than SES-matched peers. The age 17 Vocabulary/Grammar factor had large correlations with the age 17 Verbal Memory and Reading/Writing factors. The age 17 Vocabulary/Grammar and Reading/Writing factors were strongly predicted by comparable factors at 13 years of age. Age 2 Language Development Survey (L. Rescorla, 1989) vocabulary score explained 17% of the variance in the age 17 Vocabulary/Grammar and Verbal Memory factors.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest that slow language development at 24-31 months is associated with a weakness in language-related skills into adolescence relative to skills manifested by typically developing peers--findings that are consistent with a dimensional perspective on language delay.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Bryn Mawr College, 101 North Merion Avenue, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010, USA. lrescorl@brynmawr.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18723598

Citation

Rescorla, Leslie. "Age 17 Language and Reading Outcomes in Late-talking Toddlers: Support for a Dimensional Perspective On Language Delay." Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR, vol. 52, no. 1, 2009, pp. 16-30.
Rescorla L. Age 17 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers: support for a dimensional perspective on language delay. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2009;52(1):16-30.
Rescorla, L. (2009). Age 17 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers: support for a dimensional perspective on language delay. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR, 52(1), 16-30. https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2008/07-0171)
Rescorla L. Age 17 Language and Reading Outcomes in Late-talking Toddlers: Support for a Dimensional Perspective On Language Delay. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2009;52(1):16-30. PubMed PMID: 18723598.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Age 17 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers: support for a dimensional perspective on language delay. A1 - Rescorla,Leslie, Y1 - 2008/08/22/ PY - 2008/8/30/pubmed PY - 2009/3/18/medline PY - 2008/8/30/entrez SP - 16 EP - 30 JF - Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR JO - J Speech Lang Hear Res VL - 52 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: This study examined whether late talkers identified at 24-31 months continued to have weaker language and reading skills at 17 years of age than typically developing peers. METHOD: Language and reading outcomes at 17 years of age were examined in 26 children identified as late talkers with normal nonverbal ability and normal receptive language at intake and in 23 typically developing children matched at intake on age, socioeconomic status (SES), and nonverbal ability. RESULTS: Although late talkers performed in the average range on all language and reading tasks at 17 years of age, they obtained significantly lower Vocabulary/Grammar and Verbal Memory factor scores than SES-matched peers. The age 17 Vocabulary/Grammar factor had large correlations with the age 17 Verbal Memory and Reading/Writing factors. The age 17 Vocabulary/Grammar and Reading/Writing factors were strongly predicted by comparable factors at 13 years of age. Age 2 Language Development Survey (L. Rescorla, 1989) vocabulary score explained 17% of the variance in the age 17 Vocabulary/Grammar and Verbal Memory factors. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that slow language development at 24-31 months is associated with a weakness in language-related skills into adolescence relative to skills manifested by typically developing peers--findings that are consistent with a dimensional perspective on language delay. SN - 1092-4388 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18723598/Age_17_language_and_reading_outcomes_in_late_talking_toddlers:_support_for_a_dimensional_perspective_on_language_delay_ L2 - https://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/1092-4388(2008/07-0171)?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -