Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Modulation of the startle reflex by pleasant and unpleasant music.
Int J Psychophysiol. 2009 Jan; 71(1):37-42.IJ

Abstract

The issue of emotional feelings to music is the object of a classic debate in music psychology. Emotivists argue that emotions are really felt in response to music, whereas cognitivists believe that music is only representative of emotions. Psychophysiological recordings of emotional feelings to music might help to resolve the debate, but past studies have failed to show clear and consistent differences between musical excerpts of different emotional valence. Here, we compared the effects of pleasant and unpleasant musical excerpts on the startle eye blink reflex and associated body markers (such as the corrugator and zygomatic activity, skin conductance level and heart rate). The startle eye blink amplitude was larger and its latency was shorter during unpleasant compared with pleasant music, suggesting that the defensive emotional system was indeed modulated by music. Corrugator activity was also enhanced during unpleasant music, whereas skin conductance level was higher for pleasant excerpts. The startle reflex was the response that contributed the most in distinguishing pleasant and unpleasant music. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that emotions were felt in response to music, supporting the emotivist stance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, BRAMS, University of Montreal, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18725255

Citation

Roy, Mathieu, et al. "Modulation of the Startle Reflex By Pleasant and Unpleasant Music." International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, vol. 71, no. 1, 2009, pp. 37-42.
Roy M, Mailhot JP, Gosselin N, et al. Modulation of the startle reflex by pleasant and unpleasant music. Int J Psychophysiol. 2009;71(1):37-42.
Roy, M., Mailhot, J. P., Gosselin, N., Paquette, S., & Peretz, I. (2009). Modulation of the startle reflex by pleasant and unpleasant music. International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 71(1), 37-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2008.07.010
Roy M, et al. Modulation of the Startle Reflex By Pleasant and Unpleasant Music. Int J Psychophysiol. 2009;71(1):37-42. PubMed PMID: 18725255.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Modulation of the startle reflex by pleasant and unpleasant music. AU - Roy,Mathieu, AU - Mailhot,Jean-Philippe, AU - Gosselin,Nathalie, AU - Paquette,Sébastien, AU - Peretz,Isabelle, Y1 - 2008/07/23/ PY - 2008/8/30/pubmed PY - 2009/4/16/medline PY - 2008/8/30/entrez SP - 37 EP - 42 JF - International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology JO - Int J Psychophysiol VL - 71 IS - 1 N2 - The issue of emotional feelings to music is the object of a classic debate in music psychology. Emotivists argue that emotions are really felt in response to music, whereas cognitivists believe that music is only representative of emotions. Psychophysiological recordings of emotional feelings to music might help to resolve the debate, but past studies have failed to show clear and consistent differences between musical excerpts of different emotional valence. Here, we compared the effects of pleasant and unpleasant musical excerpts on the startle eye blink reflex and associated body markers (such as the corrugator and zygomatic activity, skin conductance level and heart rate). The startle eye blink amplitude was larger and its latency was shorter during unpleasant compared with pleasant music, suggesting that the defensive emotional system was indeed modulated by music. Corrugator activity was also enhanced during unpleasant music, whereas skin conductance level was higher for pleasant excerpts. The startle reflex was the response that contributed the most in distinguishing pleasant and unpleasant music. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that emotions were felt in response to music, supporting the emotivist stance. SN - 0167-8760 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18725255/Modulation_of_the_startle_reflex_by_pleasant_and_unpleasant_music_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167-8760(08)00764-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -