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Targeted and combination treatments for vitiligo. Comparative evaluation of different current modalities in 458 subjects.
Dermatol Ther. 2008 Jul; 21 Suppl 1:S20-6.DT

Abstract

The current treatment of vitiligo is not satisfactory according to the opinions of both the patient population and the dermatologists. Recently, combination therapies have been introduced, which are both systemic and targeted (microphototherapy). To evaluate the effects of topical treatments given alone or in combination with 311-nm narrow-band microphototherapy. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of: (1) 311-nm narrow-band microphototherapy;(2) tacrolimus 0.1% ointment twice a day; (3) pimecrolimus 1% cream twice a day; (4) betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream twice a day; (5) calcipotriol ointment 50 microg/g twice a day; and (6) 10%l-phenylalanine cream twice a day, for the treatment of exclusively vitiligo patches. A 311-nm narrow-band microphototherapy (Bioskin) was given alone or in combination with the above-mentioned popular local treatments. Four hundred and seventy patients suffering from vitiligo that affected less than 10% of the skin surface were evaluated. The patients were divided into 11 groups according to the selected treatment modalities. Four hundred and fifty-eight patients completed the study period of 6 months. Excellent repigmentation (> 75%) was achieved by 72% of the patients in group 1, 76.5% in group 2, 76.1% in group 3, 90.2% in group 4, 75.6% in group 5, 74.8% in group 6, 61% in group 7, 54.6% in group 8, 71.2% in group 9, 59.1% in group 10, and 29.3% in group 11. Marked repigmentation (50-75%) was evident in 19.8% of the patients in group 1, 18.2% in group 2, 20.1% in group 3, 6.7% in group 4, 14.1% in group 5, 11.3% in group 6, 16.1% in group 7, 18.4% in group 8, 25% in group 9, 10.6% in group 10, and 8.1% in group 11. Moderate results (25-50% repigmentation) were seen in 4.6% of the patients in group 1, 3.3% in group 2, 2.7% in group 3, 2.2% in group 4, 7.4% in group 5, 10.1% in group 6, 18.4% in group 7, 21.7% in group 8, 2.1% in group 9, 27.1% in group 10, and 55% in group 11. Finally, minimal (< 25%) or no response was achieved in 3.6% of the patients in group 1, 2% in group 2, 1.1% in group 3, 0.9% in group 4, 2.9% in group 5, 3.8% in group 6, 4.5% in group 7, 5.3% in group 8, 1.75% in group 9, 3.2% in group 10, and 7.6% in group 11. Side effects were skin atrophy (76% in group 4 and 81% in group 9), stinging and burning (groups 2, 3, 7, and 8). Targeted combination therapies in vitiligo are remarkably more effective than single treatments. When single treatments are considered alone, 311-nm narrow-band UVB microfocused phototherapy and 0.05% betamethasone dipropionate cream are the most effective treatments in our study. When combined therapies are chosen, 0.05% betamethasone dipropionate cream plus 311-nm narrow-band UVB microfocused phototherapy apparently give the highest repigmentation rate. In the short term, the only side-effects registered have been cutaneous atrophy with corticosteroid cream, and stinging and burning with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment and, less frequently, with 1% pimecrolimus cream.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatological Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. torello.lotti@unifi.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18727812

Citation

Lotti, Torello, et al. "Targeted and Combination Treatments for Vitiligo. Comparative Evaluation of Different Current Modalities in 458 Subjects." Dermatologic Therapy, vol. 21 Suppl 1, 2008, pp. S20-6.
Lotti T, Buggiani G, Troiano M, et al. Targeted and combination treatments for vitiligo. Comparative evaluation of different current modalities in 458 subjects. Dermatol Ther. 2008;21 Suppl 1:S20-6.
Lotti, T., Buggiani, G., Troiano, M., Assad, G. B., Delescluse, J., De Giorgi, V., & Hercogova, J. (2008). Targeted and combination treatments for vitiligo. Comparative evaluation of different current modalities in 458 subjects. Dermatologic Therapy, 21 Suppl 1, S20-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8019.2008.00198.x
Lotti T, et al. Targeted and Combination Treatments for Vitiligo. Comparative Evaluation of Different Current Modalities in 458 Subjects. Dermatol Ther. 2008;21 Suppl 1:S20-6. PubMed PMID: 18727812.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Targeted and combination treatments for vitiligo. Comparative evaluation of different current modalities in 458 subjects. AU - Lotti,Torello, AU - Buggiani,Gionata, AU - Troiano,Michela, AU - Assad,Gelareh Bani, AU - Delescluse,Jacques, AU - De Giorgi,Vincenzo, AU - Hercogova,Jana, PY - 2008/9/9/pubmed PY - 2009/1/22/medline PY - 2008/9/9/entrez SP - S20 EP - 6 JF - Dermatologic therapy JO - Dermatol Ther VL - 21 Suppl 1 N2 - The current treatment of vitiligo is not satisfactory according to the opinions of both the patient population and the dermatologists. Recently, combination therapies have been introduced, which are both systemic and targeted (microphototherapy). To evaluate the effects of topical treatments given alone or in combination with 311-nm narrow-band microphototherapy. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of: (1) 311-nm narrow-band microphototherapy;(2) tacrolimus 0.1% ointment twice a day; (3) pimecrolimus 1% cream twice a day; (4) betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream twice a day; (5) calcipotriol ointment 50 microg/g twice a day; and (6) 10%l-phenylalanine cream twice a day, for the treatment of exclusively vitiligo patches. A 311-nm narrow-band microphototherapy (Bioskin) was given alone or in combination with the above-mentioned popular local treatments. Four hundred and seventy patients suffering from vitiligo that affected less than 10% of the skin surface were evaluated. The patients were divided into 11 groups according to the selected treatment modalities. Four hundred and fifty-eight patients completed the study period of 6 months. Excellent repigmentation (> 75%) was achieved by 72% of the patients in group 1, 76.5% in group 2, 76.1% in group 3, 90.2% in group 4, 75.6% in group 5, 74.8% in group 6, 61% in group 7, 54.6% in group 8, 71.2% in group 9, 59.1% in group 10, and 29.3% in group 11. Marked repigmentation (50-75%) was evident in 19.8% of the patients in group 1, 18.2% in group 2, 20.1% in group 3, 6.7% in group 4, 14.1% in group 5, 11.3% in group 6, 16.1% in group 7, 18.4% in group 8, 25% in group 9, 10.6% in group 10, and 8.1% in group 11. Moderate results (25-50% repigmentation) were seen in 4.6% of the patients in group 1, 3.3% in group 2, 2.7% in group 3, 2.2% in group 4, 7.4% in group 5, 10.1% in group 6, 18.4% in group 7, 21.7% in group 8, 2.1% in group 9, 27.1% in group 10, and 55% in group 11. Finally, minimal (< 25%) or no response was achieved in 3.6% of the patients in group 1, 2% in group 2, 1.1% in group 3, 0.9% in group 4, 2.9% in group 5, 3.8% in group 6, 4.5% in group 7, 5.3% in group 8, 1.75% in group 9, 3.2% in group 10, and 7.6% in group 11. Side effects were skin atrophy (76% in group 4 and 81% in group 9), stinging and burning (groups 2, 3, 7, and 8). Targeted combination therapies in vitiligo are remarkably more effective than single treatments. When single treatments are considered alone, 311-nm narrow-band UVB microfocused phototherapy and 0.05% betamethasone dipropionate cream are the most effective treatments in our study. When combined therapies are chosen, 0.05% betamethasone dipropionate cream plus 311-nm narrow-band UVB microfocused phototherapy apparently give the highest repigmentation rate. In the short term, the only side-effects registered have been cutaneous atrophy with corticosteroid cream, and stinging and burning with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment and, less frequently, with 1% pimecrolimus cream. SN - 1529-8019 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18727812/Targeted_and_combination_treatments_for_vitiligo__Comparative_evaluation_of_different_current_modalities_in_458_subjects_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8019.2008.00198.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -