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Emotions evoked by the sound of music: characterization, classification, and measurement.
Emotion. 2008 Aug; 8(4):494-521.E

Abstract

One reason for the universal appeal of music lies in the emotional rewards that music offers to its listeners. But what makes these rewards so special? The authors addressed this question by progressively characterizing music-induced emotions in 4 interrelated studies. Studies 1 and 2 (n=354) were conducted to compile a list of music-relevant emotion terms and to study the frequency of both felt and perceived emotions across 5 groups of listeners with distinct music preferences. Emotional responses varied greatly according to musical genre and type of response (felt vs. perceived). Study 3 (n=801)--a field study carried out during a music festival--examined the structure of music-induced emotions via confirmatory factor analysis of emotion ratings, resulting in a 9-factorial model of music-induced emotions. Study 4 (n=238) replicated this model and found that it accounted for music-elicited emotions better than the basic emotion and dimensional emotion models. A domain-specific device to measure musically induced emotions is introduced--the Geneva Emotional Music Scale.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Switzerland. m.zentner@psychology.york.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18729581

Citation

Zentner, Marcel, et al. "Emotions Evoked By the Sound of Music: Characterization, Classification, and Measurement." Emotion (Washington, D.C.), vol. 8, no. 4, 2008, pp. 494-521.
Zentner M, Grandjean D, Scherer KR. Emotions evoked by the sound of music: characterization, classification, and measurement. Emotion. 2008;8(4):494-521.
Zentner, M., Grandjean, D., & Scherer, K. R. (2008). Emotions evoked by the sound of music: characterization, classification, and measurement. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 8(4), 494-521. https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.8.4.494
Zentner M, Grandjean D, Scherer KR. Emotions Evoked By the Sound of Music: Characterization, Classification, and Measurement. Emotion. 2008;8(4):494-521. PubMed PMID: 18729581.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotions evoked by the sound of music: characterization, classification, and measurement. AU - Zentner,Marcel, AU - Grandjean,Didier, AU - Scherer,Klaus R, PY - 2008/8/30/pubmed PY - 2008/11/19/medline PY - 2008/8/30/entrez SP - 494 EP - 521 JF - Emotion (Washington, D.C.) JO - Emotion VL - 8 IS - 4 N2 - One reason for the universal appeal of music lies in the emotional rewards that music offers to its listeners. But what makes these rewards so special? The authors addressed this question by progressively characterizing music-induced emotions in 4 interrelated studies. Studies 1 and 2 (n=354) were conducted to compile a list of music-relevant emotion terms and to study the frequency of both felt and perceived emotions across 5 groups of listeners with distinct music preferences. Emotional responses varied greatly according to musical genre and type of response (felt vs. perceived). Study 3 (n=801)--a field study carried out during a music festival--examined the structure of music-induced emotions via confirmatory factor analysis of emotion ratings, resulting in a 9-factorial model of music-induced emotions. Study 4 (n=238) replicated this model and found that it accounted for music-elicited emotions better than the basic emotion and dimensional emotion models. A domain-specific device to measure musically induced emotions is introduced--the Geneva Emotional Music Scale. SN - 1528-3542 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18729581/Emotions_evoked_by_the_sound_of_music:_characterization_classification_and_measurement_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/emo/8/4/494 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -