Comparison of alanine aminotransferase, white blood cell count, and uric acid in their association with metabolic syndrome: a study of Korean adults.Endocr J 2008; 55(6):1093-102EJ
The aim of this study is to investigate the respective associations of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), white blood cell (WBC) count, and uric acid with metabolic syndrome and compare the magnitude in their association with metabolic syndrome, using modified Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) and its components. We studies 5,020 Korean adults (20-70 years of age; 2,501 men and 2,519 women) who visited Center for Health Promotion in Pusan National University Hospital for routine health examinations. Metabolic parameters and biochemical markers including ALT, WBC count, and uric acid were obtained. Alcohol intake, smoking status, and the presence of fatty liver were also evaluated. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 17.3%. In the partial correlation coefficients adjusted for age, alcohol consumption, smoking status, and presence of fatty liver, ALT was correlated significantly with all components of metabolic syndrome among three markers in men and women respectively. Moreover, ALT showed the highest correlation with HOMA-IR (r=0.311, P<0.001 in men and r=0.285, P<0.001 in women) in both genders. With the increase in the number of metabolic syndrome components, the mean values of all three markers were also significantly increased. In addition, the adjusted mean values of each marker were all significantly increased in metabolic syndrome. In ALT, the adjusted mean values were significantly increased in subjects with all metabolic component disorders. When we calculated odd ratios (ORs) for metabolic syndrome prevalence of the highest quartiles in three markers using multivariate logistic regression analyses, ALT was associated most strongly with metabolic syndrome in both genders (OR 5.65 [95% CI, 3.80 to 8.40]; P<0.001 in men, OR 3.23 [95% CI, 2.15 to 4.86]; P<0.001 in women). The cut-off value for ALT using the ROC curve was 27 IU/L (area under the curve=0.717, sensitivity 62.5%, specificity 70.4%, P<0.001) in men and 18 IU/L (area under the curve=0.735, sensitivity 61.3%, specificity 72.3%, P<0.001) in women. In conclusion, ALT, WBC count, and uric acid play important role as an additional markers for metabolic syndrome. Among three markers, in overlap the multiple risk factors, ALT might have a strong association with metabolic syndrome in Korean adults.