Ethanol fermentation in a magnetically fluidized bed reactor with immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae in magnetic particles.Bioresour Technol. 2009 Jan; 100(2):878-82.BT
Ethanol fermentation by immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells in magnetic particles was successfully carried out in a magnetically stabilized fluidized bed reactor (MSFBR). These immobilized magnetic particles solidified in a 2 % CaCl(2) solution were stable and had high ethanol fermentation activity. The performance of ethanol fermentation of glucose in the MSFBR was affected by initial particle loading rate, feed sugar concentration and dilution rate. The ethanol theoretical yield, productivity and concentration reached 95.3%, 26.7 g/L h and 66 g/L, respectively, at a particle loading rate of 41% and a feed dilution rate of 0.4 h(-1) with a glucose concentration of 150 g/L when the magnetic field intensity was kept in the range of 85-120 Oe. In order to use this developed MSFBR system for ethanol production from cheap raw materials, cane molasses was used as the main fermentation substrate for continuous ethanol fermentation with the immobilized S. cerevisiae cells in the reactor system. Molasses gave comparative ethanol productivity in comparison with glucose in the MSFBR, and the higher ethanol production was observed in the MSFBR than in a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) without a magnetic field.