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Negative effect of static stretching restored when combined with a sport specific warm-up component.
J Sci Med Sport. 2009 Nov; 12(6):657-61.JS

Abstract

There is substantial evidence that static stretching may inhibit performance in strength and power activities. However, most of this research has involved stretching routines dissimilar to those practiced by athletes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the decline in performance normally associated with static stretching pervades when the static stretching is conducted prior to a sport specific warm-up. Thirteen netball players completed two experimental warm-up conditions. Day 1 warm-up involved a submaximal run followed by 15 min of static stretching and a netball specific skill warm-up. Day 2 followed the same design; however, the static stretching was replaced with a 15 min dynamic warm-up routine to allow for a direct comparison between the static stretching and dynamic warm-up effects. Participants performed a countermovement vertical jump and 20m sprint after the first warm-up intervention (static or dynamic) and also after the netball specific skill warm-up. The static stretching condition resulted in significantly worse performance than the dynamic warm-up in vertical jump height (-4.2%, 0.40 ES) and 20m sprint time (1.4%, 0.34 ES) (p<0.05). However, no significant differences in either performance variable were evident when the skill-based warm-up was preceded by static stretching or a dynamic warm-up routine. This suggests that the practice of a subsequent high-intensity skill based warm-up restored the differences between the two warm-up interventions. Hence, if static stretching is to be included in the warm-up period, it is recommended that a period of high-intensity sport-specific skills based activity is included prior to the on-court/field performance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Australia. kristie.taylor@ausport.gov.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18768355

Citation

Taylor, Kristie-Lee, et al. "Negative Effect of Static Stretching Restored when Combined With a Sport Specific Warm-up Component." Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 12, no. 6, 2009, pp. 657-61.
Taylor KL, Sheppard JM, Lee H, et al. Negative effect of static stretching restored when combined with a sport specific warm-up component. J Sci Med Sport. 2009;12(6):657-61.
Taylor, K. L., Sheppard, J. M., Lee, H., & Plummer, N. (2009). Negative effect of static stretching restored when combined with a sport specific warm-up component. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(6), 657-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2008.04.004
Taylor KL, et al. Negative Effect of Static Stretching Restored when Combined With a Sport Specific Warm-up Component. J Sci Med Sport. 2009;12(6):657-61. PubMed PMID: 18768355.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Negative effect of static stretching restored when combined with a sport specific warm-up component. AU - Taylor,Kristie-Lee, AU - Sheppard,Jeremy M, AU - Lee,Hamilton, AU - Plummer,Norma, Y1 - 2008/09/03/ PY - 2007/06/21/received PY - 2008/04/08/revised PY - 2008/04/28/accepted PY - 2008/9/5/pubmed PY - 2010/2/6/medline PY - 2008/9/5/entrez SP - 657 EP - 61 JF - Journal of science and medicine in sport JO - J Sci Med Sport VL - 12 IS - 6 N2 - There is substantial evidence that static stretching may inhibit performance in strength and power activities. However, most of this research has involved stretching routines dissimilar to those practiced by athletes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the decline in performance normally associated with static stretching pervades when the static stretching is conducted prior to a sport specific warm-up. Thirteen netball players completed two experimental warm-up conditions. Day 1 warm-up involved a submaximal run followed by 15 min of static stretching and a netball specific skill warm-up. Day 2 followed the same design; however, the static stretching was replaced with a 15 min dynamic warm-up routine to allow for a direct comparison between the static stretching and dynamic warm-up effects. Participants performed a countermovement vertical jump and 20m sprint after the first warm-up intervention (static or dynamic) and also after the netball specific skill warm-up. The static stretching condition resulted in significantly worse performance than the dynamic warm-up in vertical jump height (-4.2%, 0.40 ES) and 20m sprint time (1.4%, 0.34 ES) (p<0.05). However, no significant differences in either performance variable were evident when the skill-based warm-up was preceded by static stretching or a dynamic warm-up routine. This suggests that the practice of a subsequent high-intensity skill based warm-up restored the differences between the two warm-up interventions. Hence, if static stretching is to be included in the warm-up period, it is recommended that a period of high-intensity sport-specific skills based activity is included prior to the on-court/field performance. SN - 1878-1861 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18768355/Negative_effect_of_static_stretching_restored_when_combined_with_a_sport_specific_warm_up_component_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1440-2440(08)00079-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -