Quality of life in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria: the impact of Axis I and Axis II psychiatric disorders.Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2008 Sep-Oct; 30(5):453-7.GH
Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) associated with lower quality of life (QoL) levels. Psychiatric disturbances are frequently present in patients with CIU. This study examined the impact of Axis I and Axis II psychiatric disorders on the QoL of patients with CIU.
The study sample consisted of 100 subjects including CIU patients with only Axis I psychiatric diagnoses (n=25), CIU patients with only Axis II diagnoses (n=25), CIU patients with both Axis I and Axis II diagnoses (n=25), CIU patients without any Axis I and Axis II diagnosis (n=25), and healthy control subjects with respect to urticaria and psychiatric disorders (n=25). The Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) (SCID-1) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM, Revised Third Edition Personality Disorders (SCID-II) was used to determine Axis I and Axis II psychiatric disorders, respectively. QoL levels were assessed by means of the World Health Organization QoL Assessment-Brief (WHOWOL-BREF).
There were significant differences among the groups with respect to all WHOQOL-BREF subscale scores. The QoL levels were similar among CIU patients with only Axis I psychiatric diagnoses, CIU patients with only Axis II diagnoses and CIU patients with both Axis I and Axis II diagnoses, and between CIU patients without any Axis I and Axis II diagnosis, and healthy control subjects. When compared with those of CIU patients without any Axis I and Axis II diagnosis, CIU patients without concurrent psychiatric diagnoses had significantly lower scores in most domains of the QoL scale.
Axis I and Axis II psychiatric disorders seem to be considerable factors influencing the QoL in CIU patients.