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Coffee intake and risk of incident diabetes in Puerto Rican men: results from the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program.
Public Health Nutr 2009; 12(6):842-8PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study prospectively the association of coffee intake with incident diabetes in the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program cohort, comprising 9824 middle-aged men (aged 35-79 years).

METHODS

Of 9824 men, 3869 did not provide a fasting blood sample at baseline, 1095 had prevalent diabetes and 131 were not given fasting glucose tests at any subsequent study visit. Thus, the present analysis includes 4685 participants. Diabetes was ascertained at baseline and at two study visits between 1968 and 1975 using fasting glucose tests and self-reports of physician-diagnosed diabetes or use of insulin or hypoglycaemic medication. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of coffee intake with risk of incident diabetes while adjusting for covariates (age, BMI, physical activity, smoking, education, alcohol intake, family history of diabetes, intakes of milk and sugar).

RESULTS

Five hundred and nineteen participants met the criteria for incident diabetes. Compared with those reporting intake of 1-2 servings of coffee/d, coffee abstainers were at reduced risk (OR = 0.64; 95 % CI 0.43, 0.94). Among coffee drinkers, there was a significant trend of decreasing risk by intake (P = 0.02); intake of >/=4 servings/d was associated with an odds ratio of 0.75 (95 % CI 0.58, 0.97).

CONCLUSIONS

Study findings support a protective effect of coffee intake on diabetes risk, while also suggesting that abstainers may be at reduced risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health Behaviors, Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18775084

Citation

Fuhrman, B J., et al. "Coffee Intake and Risk of Incident Diabetes in Puerto Rican Men: Results From the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 6, 2009, pp. 842-8.
Fuhrman BJ, Smit E, Crespo CJ, et al. Coffee intake and risk of incident diabetes in Puerto Rican men: results from the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(6):842-8.
Fuhrman, B. J., Smit, E., Crespo, C. J., & Garcia-Palmieri, M. R. (2009). Coffee intake and risk of incident diabetes in Puerto Rican men: results from the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program. Public Health Nutrition, 12(6), pp. 842-8. doi:10.1017/S1368980008003303.
Fuhrman BJ, et al. Coffee Intake and Risk of Incident Diabetes in Puerto Rican Men: Results From the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(6):842-8. PubMed PMID: 18775084.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coffee intake and risk of incident diabetes in Puerto Rican men: results from the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program. AU - Fuhrman,B J, AU - Smit,E, AU - Crespo,C J, AU - Garcia-Palmieri,M R, Y1 - 2008/09/08/ PY - 2008/9/9/pubmed PY - 2009/7/23/medline PY - 2008/9/9/entrez SP - 842 EP - 8 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study prospectively the association of coffee intake with incident diabetes in the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program cohort, comprising 9824 middle-aged men (aged 35-79 years). METHODS: Of 9824 men, 3869 did not provide a fasting blood sample at baseline, 1095 had prevalent diabetes and 131 were not given fasting glucose tests at any subsequent study visit. Thus, the present analysis includes 4685 participants. Diabetes was ascertained at baseline and at two study visits between 1968 and 1975 using fasting glucose tests and self-reports of physician-diagnosed diabetes or use of insulin or hypoglycaemic medication. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of coffee intake with risk of incident diabetes while adjusting for covariates (age, BMI, physical activity, smoking, education, alcohol intake, family history of diabetes, intakes of milk and sugar). RESULTS: Five hundred and nineteen participants met the criteria for incident diabetes. Compared with those reporting intake of 1-2 servings of coffee/d, coffee abstainers were at reduced risk (OR = 0.64; 95 % CI 0.43, 0.94). Among coffee drinkers, there was a significant trend of decreasing risk by intake (P = 0.02); intake of >/=4 servings/d was associated with an odds ratio of 0.75 (95 % CI 0.58, 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Study findings support a protective effect of coffee intake on diabetes risk, while also suggesting that abstainers may be at reduced risk. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18775084/Coffee_intake_and_risk_of_incident_diabetes_in_Puerto_Rican_men:_results_from_the_Puerto_Rico_Heart_Health_Program_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980008003303/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -