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The association of ecstasy use and academic achievement among adolescents in two U.S. national surveys.
Addict Behav. 2009 Jan; 34(1):9-16.AB

Abstract

The association of ecstasy (3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA) use with low academic achievement was examined in two nationally representative surveys of adolescents. We tested whether associations with low academic achievement were of similar magnitude or of stronger magnitude for ecstasy versus marijuana use (without ecstasy use), alcohol/tobacco use (without other drug use) and non-drug use in adolescence. Data from the adolescents in the 2002-2005 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH, n=65,294) and from the 2001-2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS, n=27,592) were analyzed via weighted logistic regression models. Ecstasy, marijuana, and alcohol/tobacco use were associated with moderate and low academic achievement among adolescents in both surveys. Moreover, ecstasy was more strongly associated with low academic achievement and reporting that school gave no grades than alcohol/tobacco in both samples and than marijuana (NSDUH sample only). Prevention programs should inform adolescents that ecstasy use might impair their academic achievement.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205-190, United States. smartins@jhsph.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18778898

Citation

Martins, Silvia S., and Pierre K. Alexandre. "The Association of Ecstasy Use and Academic Achievement Among Adolescents in Two U.S. National Surveys." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 34, no. 1, 2009, pp. 9-16.
Martins SS, Alexandre PK. The association of ecstasy use and academic achievement among adolescents in two U.S. national surveys. Addict Behav. 2009;34(1):9-16.
Martins, S. S., & Alexandre, P. K. (2009). The association of ecstasy use and academic achievement among adolescents in two U.S. national surveys. Addictive Behaviors, 34(1), 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.07.022
Martins SS, Alexandre PK. The Association of Ecstasy Use and Academic Achievement Among Adolescents in Two U.S. National Surveys. Addict Behav. 2009;34(1):9-16. PubMed PMID: 18778898.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association of ecstasy use and academic achievement among adolescents in two U.S. national surveys. AU - Martins,Silvia S, AU - Alexandre,Pierre K, Y1 - 2008/08/03/ PY - 2008/03/31/received PY - 2008/07/14/revised PY - 2008/07/29/accepted PY - 2008/9/10/pubmed PY - 2009/7/1/medline PY - 2008/9/10/entrez SP - 9 EP - 16 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 34 IS - 1 N2 - The association of ecstasy (3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA) use with low academic achievement was examined in two nationally representative surveys of adolescents. We tested whether associations with low academic achievement were of similar magnitude or of stronger magnitude for ecstasy versus marijuana use (without ecstasy use), alcohol/tobacco use (without other drug use) and non-drug use in adolescence. Data from the adolescents in the 2002-2005 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH, n=65,294) and from the 2001-2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS, n=27,592) were analyzed via weighted logistic regression models. Ecstasy, marijuana, and alcohol/tobacco use were associated with moderate and low academic achievement among adolescents in both surveys. Moreover, ecstasy was more strongly associated with low academic achievement and reporting that school gave no grades than alcohol/tobacco in both samples and than marijuana (NSDUH sample only). Prevention programs should inform adolescents that ecstasy use might impair their academic achievement. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18778898/The_association_of_ecstasy_use_and_academic_achievement_among_adolescents_in_two_U_S__national_surveys_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(08)00224-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -