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Impact of resistance training with or without caloric restriction on physical capacity in obese older women.
Menopause 2009 Jan-Feb; 16(1):66-72M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the specific impact of resistance training (RT) with or without caloric restriction (CR) on physical capacity in obese older women.

DESIGN

Forty-eight postmenopausal obese women, physically independent and between the ages of 55 and 75 years were recruited. The women were randomly assigned to one of four groups (1: RT [n = 12], 2: CR [n = 12], 3: CR + RT [n = 12], or 4: control group [C; n = 12]) for 3 months. CR and CR + RT groups participated in a weekly group session on nutrition, and RT and CR + RT groups took part in a resistance training program. Physical capacity was measured with 11 different performance tests. A global physical capacity score (range, 0-44) was then computed using quartiles of each test. Body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.

RESULTS

Body weight, total fat mass, percentage of fat mass, and body mass index (kg/m) significantly decreased in the CR and CR + RT groups (P < 0.01), whereas only the CR group showed a significant decrease in lean body mass (P < 0.05) after the 3-month program. The global physical capacity score significantly improved in the RT group (10.0 +/- 8.8%; P < 0.01), compared with the C group after 3 months.

CONCLUSION

Overall, the 3-month RT program alone had a greater effect on physical capacity than CR or CR + RT. Thus, a 3-month RT could help prevent long-term decreases in physical capacity in obese older women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health and Social Services Centre, Sherbrooke University Institute of Geriatrics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, University of Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18779759

Citation

Bouchard, Danielle R., et al. "Impact of Resistance Training With or Without Caloric Restriction On Physical Capacity in Obese Older Women." Menopause (New York, N.Y.), vol. 16, no. 1, 2009, pp. 66-72.
Bouchard DR, Soucy L, Sénéchal M, et al. Impact of resistance training with or without caloric restriction on physical capacity in obese older women. Menopause. 2009;16(1):66-72.
Bouchard, D. R., Soucy, L., Sénéchal, M., Dionne, I. J., & Brochu, M. (2009). Impact of resistance training with or without caloric restriction on physical capacity in obese older women. Menopause (New York, N.Y.), 16(1), pp. 66-72. doi:10.1097/gme.0b013e31817dacf7.
Bouchard DR, et al. Impact of Resistance Training With or Without Caloric Restriction On Physical Capacity in Obese Older Women. Menopause. 2009;16(1):66-72. PubMed PMID: 18779759.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of resistance training with or without caloric restriction on physical capacity in obese older women. AU - Bouchard,Danielle R, AU - Soucy,Lisa, AU - Sénéchal,Martin, AU - Dionne,Isabelle J, AU - Brochu,Martin, PY - 2008/9/10/pubmed PY - 2009/4/10/medline PY - 2008/9/10/entrez SP - 66 EP - 72 JF - Menopause (New York, N.Y.) JO - Menopause VL - 16 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specific impact of resistance training (RT) with or without caloric restriction (CR) on physical capacity in obese older women. DESIGN: Forty-eight postmenopausal obese women, physically independent and between the ages of 55 and 75 years were recruited. The women were randomly assigned to one of four groups (1: RT [n = 12], 2: CR [n = 12], 3: CR + RT [n = 12], or 4: control group [C; n = 12]) for 3 months. CR and CR + RT groups participated in a weekly group session on nutrition, and RT and CR + RT groups took part in a resistance training program. Physical capacity was measured with 11 different performance tests. A global physical capacity score (range, 0-44) was then computed using quartiles of each test. Body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Body weight, total fat mass, percentage of fat mass, and body mass index (kg/m) significantly decreased in the CR and CR + RT groups (P < 0.01), whereas only the CR group showed a significant decrease in lean body mass (P < 0.05) after the 3-month program. The global physical capacity score significantly improved in the RT group (10.0 +/- 8.8%; P < 0.01), compared with the C group after 3 months. CONCLUSION: Overall, the 3-month RT program alone had a greater effect on physical capacity than CR or CR + RT. Thus, a 3-month RT could help prevent long-term decreases in physical capacity in obese older women. SN - 1530-0374 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18779759/Impact_of_resistance_training_with_or_without_caloric_restriction_on_physical_capacity_in_obese_older_women_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e31817dacf7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -