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Can TGF-beta1 and rhBMP-2 act in synergy to transform bone marrow stem cells to discogenic-type cells?
Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008 Oct; 150(10):1073-9; discussion 1079.AN

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is known to increase the proteoglycan production and chondrogenic gene expression in the disc cells. The transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta(1)) can transform the bone marrow stem cells (BMDCs) into the disc-like cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

We carried out an experiment to determine if TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 can act in synergy on BMDCs by increasing the production of sulfated-glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) and affecting the mRNA expression of aggrecan, type I collagen, and type II collagen. The BMDCs were isolated from the iliac crest and femur of a New Zealand white rabbit (1 year). The BMDCs were culured in monolayer and treated for 6 days with TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml (group 1), rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml (group 2), and both TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml and rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml (group 3: the combined group) in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium/F-12 with 1% fetal bovine serum. After 6 days, the sGAG content in the media was quantified using 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue staining and the mRNA expression of aggrecan, type I collagen, type II collagen, Sox-9, BMP-2, and BMP-7 were measured with the real-time PCR. The same BMDCs were also cultured in the chamber slide at 3 x 10(4) cells/chamber. After 6 days treatment, the treated cells were immunofluorescence stained with aggrecan, type I collagen, type II collagen, anti-BMP-2, anti-BMP-7 antibodies. After that, we compared the number of positive immunofluorescence stained cells with fluorescence microscope. The sGAG production and mRNA expression for each group were normalized against the same parameters for a non-treatment group.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The sGAG production was increased 1.15*, 1.34*, and 1.45* times in the TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml group, the rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml group, and the combined group respectively. The mRNA expression of aggrecan was increased 1.28, 3.42*, and 5.34* times, the mRNA expression of type I collagen was increased 0.86, 1.09, 1.17 times, the mRNA expression of type II collagen was increased 3.58*, 3.77*, and 10.78* times, the mRNA expression of Sox-9 was increased 1.29, 2.45, 2.75* times, the mRNA expression of BMP-2 was increased 1.14, 2.07, 4.43* times, and the mRNA expression of BMP-7 was increased 1.16, 1.49, 1.97* times, respectively for each group (* indicates p < 0.05). On the immunofluorescence staining of antibodies, the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for aggrecan were 4.2, 15.8*, 10*, and 22* according to the non-treatment group, TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml group, rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml group, and the combined group respectively. The average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for type I collagen were 7, 14.2*, 9.2*, 17.4* and the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for type II collagen were 8.5, 28.25*, 20.25*, 42.25* and the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for anti-BMP-2 were 5, 16.75*, 8.75*, 27.25* and the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for anti-BMP-7 were 3.25, 7.5*, 8.75*, 15.25* (* indicates p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Both TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 alone, can increase proteoglycan production in the BMDCs. However, if they were used in combination, there is a synergistic effect. Similarly, the mRNA expressions of both aggrecan, type II collagen, Sox-9, BMP-2, and BMP-7 except for type I collagen were increased significantly when TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 were combined. The positive immunofluorescence stained cell numbers for aggrecan, type I, II collagen, BMP-2 and BMP-7 were also increased after each TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 treatment, and also more increased significantly in the aggrecan, type I, II collagen, BMP-2, and 7 when they were used jointly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, The Spine and Spinal cord Institute, Yonsei University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18781274

Citation

Kuh, Sung Uk, et al. "Can TGF-beta1 and rhBMP-2 Act in Synergy to Transform Bone Marrow Stem Cells to Discogenic-type Cells?" Acta Neurochirurgica, vol. 150, no. 10, 2008, pp. 1073-9; discussion 1079.
Kuh SU, Zhu Y, Li J, et al. Can TGF-beta1 and rhBMP-2 act in synergy to transform bone marrow stem cells to discogenic-type cells? Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150(10):1073-9; discussion 1079.
Kuh, S. U., Zhu, Y., Li, J., Tsai, K. J., Fei, Q., Hutton, W. C., & Yoon, S. T. (2008). Can TGF-beta1 and rhBMP-2 act in synergy to transform bone marrow stem cells to discogenic-type cells? Acta Neurochirurgica, 150(10), 1073-9; discussion 1079. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00701-008-0029-z
Kuh SU, et al. Can TGF-beta1 and rhBMP-2 Act in Synergy to Transform Bone Marrow Stem Cells to Discogenic-type Cells. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150(10):1073-9; discussion 1079. PubMed PMID: 18781274.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Can TGF-beta1 and rhBMP-2 act in synergy to transform bone marrow stem cells to discogenic-type cells? AU - Kuh,Sung Uk, AU - Zhu,Yerun, AU - Li,Jun, AU - Tsai,Kai-Jow, AU - Fei,Qinming, AU - Hutton,William C, AU - Yoon,S Tim, Y1 - 2008/09/10/ PY - 2007/12/04/received PY - 2008/07/29/accepted PY - 2008/9/11/pubmed PY - 2009/1/17/medline PY - 2008/9/11/entrez SP - 1073-9; discussion 1079 JF - Acta neurochirurgica JO - Acta Neurochir (Wien) VL - 150 IS - 10 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is known to increase the proteoglycan production and chondrogenic gene expression in the disc cells. The transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta(1)) can transform the bone marrow stem cells (BMDCs) into the disc-like cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out an experiment to determine if TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 can act in synergy on BMDCs by increasing the production of sulfated-glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) and affecting the mRNA expression of aggrecan, type I collagen, and type II collagen. The BMDCs were isolated from the iliac crest and femur of a New Zealand white rabbit (1 year). The BMDCs were culured in monolayer and treated for 6 days with TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml (group 1), rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml (group 2), and both TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml and rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml (group 3: the combined group) in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium/F-12 with 1% fetal bovine serum. After 6 days, the sGAG content in the media was quantified using 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue staining and the mRNA expression of aggrecan, type I collagen, type II collagen, Sox-9, BMP-2, and BMP-7 were measured with the real-time PCR. The same BMDCs were also cultured in the chamber slide at 3 x 10(4) cells/chamber. After 6 days treatment, the treated cells were immunofluorescence stained with aggrecan, type I collagen, type II collagen, anti-BMP-2, anti-BMP-7 antibodies. After that, we compared the number of positive immunofluorescence stained cells with fluorescence microscope. The sGAG production and mRNA expression for each group were normalized against the same parameters for a non-treatment group. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The sGAG production was increased 1.15*, 1.34*, and 1.45* times in the TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml group, the rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml group, and the combined group respectively. The mRNA expression of aggrecan was increased 1.28, 3.42*, and 5.34* times, the mRNA expression of type I collagen was increased 0.86, 1.09, 1.17 times, the mRNA expression of type II collagen was increased 3.58*, 3.77*, and 10.78* times, the mRNA expression of Sox-9 was increased 1.29, 2.45, 2.75* times, the mRNA expression of BMP-2 was increased 1.14, 2.07, 4.43* times, and the mRNA expression of BMP-7 was increased 1.16, 1.49, 1.97* times, respectively for each group (* indicates p < 0.05). On the immunofluorescence staining of antibodies, the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for aggrecan were 4.2, 15.8*, 10*, and 22* according to the non-treatment group, TGF-beta(1) 10 ng/ml group, rhBMP-2 200 ng/ml group, and the combined group respectively. The average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for type I collagen were 7, 14.2*, 9.2*, 17.4* and the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for type II collagen were 8.5, 28.25*, 20.25*, 42.25* and the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for anti-BMP-2 were 5, 16.75*, 8.75*, 27.25* and the average positively immunofluorescence stained cells number for anti-BMP-7 were 3.25, 7.5*, 8.75*, 15.25* (* indicates p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 alone, can increase proteoglycan production in the BMDCs. However, if they were used in combination, there is a synergistic effect. Similarly, the mRNA expressions of both aggrecan, type II collagen, Sox-9, BMP-2, and BMP-7 except for type I collagen were increased significantly when TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 were combined. The positive immunofluorescence stained cell numbers for aggrecan, type I, II collagen, BMP-2 and BMP-7 were also increased after each TGF-beta(1) and rhBMP-2 treatment, and also more increased significantly in the aggrecan, type I, II collagen, BMP-2, and 7 when they were used jointly. SN - 0942-0940 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18781274/Can_TGF_beta1_and_rhBMP_2_act_in_synergy_to_transform_bone_marrow_stem_cells_to_discogenic_type_cells L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-008-0029-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -