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Characterization of phenolic substances and antioxidant properties of food soybeans grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota region.
J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Oct 08; 56(19):9102-13.JA

Abstract

Phenolic profiles and antioxidant properties of a total of 30 soybean samples, including 27 grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota region and three soybeans from the other regions, were investigated. The total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC), phenolic acids, flavonols, anthocyanins, and isoflavones were quantified. Antioxidant properties of soybean extracts were assessed using 2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) methods. Results showed that black soybean cultivars possessed significantly higher TPC, TFC, DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC values than all yellow soybean cultivars. However, black soybean cultivars did not exhibit significantly higher individual phenolic contents (except for anthocyanins), such as phenolic acids and isoflavones, than the yellow soybean cultivars. The isoflavone profiles of North Dakota soybean cultivars were similar to those of South Dakota, but average values of total isoflavone (TI) contents were higher than soybeans grown in the other states and Korea and Japan according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Iowa State University Database on the isoflavone contents of foods. Correlation assays showed that TPC, TI, total phenolic acids, daidzin, genistin, malonyldaidzin, daidzein, genistein, and trans-cinnamic acid significantly (r = 0.73, 0.62, 0.49, 0.68, 0.59, 0.59, 0.56, 0.47, and 0.76, respectively, p < 0.0001) correlated with ORAC values of yellow soybeans. Both isoflavones and phenolic acids contributed to the ORAC values of yellow soybeans. These data suggest that some selected soybean cultivars may be used as high-quality food-grade soybeans for providing high phenolic phytochemicals and antioxidant activities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cereal and Food Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18781761

Citation

Xu, Baojun, and Sam K C. Chang. "Characterization of Phenolic Substances and Antioxidant Properties of Food Soybeans Grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota Region." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 56, no. 19, 2008, pp. 9102-13.
Xu B, Chang SK. Characterization of phenolic substances and antioxidant properties of food soybeans grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota region. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56(19):9102-13.
Xu, B., & Chang, S. K. (2008). Characterization of phenolic substances and antioxidant properties of food soybeans grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota region. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56(19), 9102-13. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf801451k
Xu B, Chang SK. Characterization of Phenolic Substances and Antioxidant Properties of Food Soybeans Grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota Region. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Oct 8;56(19):9102-13. PubMed PMID: 18781761.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of phenolic substances and antioxidant properties of food soybeans grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota region. AU - Xu,Baojun, AU - Chang,Sam K C, Y1 - 2008/09/10/ PY - 2008/9/11/pubmed PY - 2008/12/20/medline PY - 2008/9/11/entrez SP - 9102 EP - 13 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 56 IS - 19 N2 - Phenolic profiles and antioxidant properties of a total of 30 soybean samples, including 27 grown in the North Dakota-Minnesota region and three soybeans from the other regions, were investigated. The total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC), phenolic acids, flavonols, anthocyanins, and isoflavones were quantified. Antioxidant properties of soybean extracts were assessed using 2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) methods. Results showed that black soybean cultivars possessed significantly higher TPC, TFC, DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC values than all yellow soybean cultivars. However, black soybean cultivars did not exhibit significantly higher individual phenolic contents (except for anthocyanins), such as phenolic acids and isoflavones, than the yellow soybean cultivars. The isoflavone profiles of North Dakota soybean cultivars were similar to those of South Dakota, but average values of total isoflavone (TI) contents were higher than soybeans grown in the other states and Korea and Japan according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Iowa State University Database on the isoflavone contents of foods. Correlation assays showed that TPC, TI, total phenolic acids, daidzin, genistin, malonyldaidzin, daidzein, genistein, and trans-cinnamic acid significantly (r = 0.73, 0.62, 0.49, 0.68, 0.59, 0.59, 0.56, 0.47, and 0.76, respectively, p < 0.0001) correlated with ORAC values of yellow soybeans. Both isoflavones and phenolic acids contributed to the ORAC values of yellow soybeans. These data suggest that some selected soybean cultivars may be used as high-quality food-grade soybeans for providing high phenolic phytochemicals and antioxidant activities. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18781761/Characterization_of_phenolic_substances_and_antioxidant_properties_of_food_soybeans_grown_in_the_North_Dakota_Minnesota_region_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf801451k DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -