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The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents.
J Pediatr. 2009 Jan; 154(1):86-90.JPed

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the relationship between body size and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderating effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES), in a sample of young adolescents.

STUDY DESIGN

The study group comprised 678 young adolescents (age 11 to 14 years). Body mass index (BMI) z scores were used to estimate body size. Depression symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The spline function was used to examine the shape of the relationship between BMI z score and depressive symptoms.

RESULTS

In the total sample, CDI scores were lowest for BMI z scores between -1 and -0.5. CDI scores increased progressively for BMI z scores > 0. In boys, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > 2, whereas in girls, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > -0.5 and < -1. Age did not have a significant moderating effect. SES had a moderating effect only in boys (P = .011).

CONCLUSIONS

The relationship between body size and depressive symptoms in young adolescents is curvilinear and is moderated by sex. Heavier-than-average and underweight girls, as well as obese boys, had the highest depression scores.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, G. B. Rossi Hospital, Verona, Italy. samuele.cortese@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18783792

Citation

Cortese, Samuele, et al. "The Relationship Between Body Size and Depression Symptoms in Adolescents." The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 154, no. 1, 2009, pp. 86-90.
Cortese S, Falissard B, Angriman M, et al. The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents. J Pediatr. 2009;154(1):86-90.
Cortese, S., Falissard, B., Angriman, M., Pigaiani, Y., Banzato, C., Bogoni, G., Pellegrino, M., Cook, S., Pajno-Ferrara, F., Bernardina, B. D., Mouren, M. C., & Maffeis, C. (2009). The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents. The Journal of Pediatrics, 154(1), 86-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.07.040
Cortese S, et al. The Relationship Between Body Size and Depression Symptoms in Adolescents. J Pediatr. 2009;154(1):86-90. PubMed PMID: 18783792.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents. AU - Cortese,Samuele, AU - Falissard,Bruno, AU - Angriman,Marco, AU - Pigaiani,Yolande, AU - Banzato,Claudia, AU - Bogoni,Giovanna, AU - Pellegrino,Maristella, AU - Cook,Solange, AU - Pajno-Ferrara,Franco, AU - Bernardina,Bernardo Dalla, AU - Mouren,Marie-Christine, AU - Maffeis,Claudio, Y1 - 2008/09/10/ PY - 2008/04/19/received PY - 2008/06/24/revised PY - 2008/07/18/accepted PY - 2008/9/12/pubmed PY - 2009/3/4/medline PY - 2008/9/12/entrez SP - 86 EP - 90 JF - The Journal of pediatrics JO - J Pediatr VL - 154 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between body size and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderating effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES), in a sample of young adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: The study group comprised 678 young adolescents (age 11 to 14 years). Body mass index (BMI) z scores were used to estimate body size. Depression symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The spline function was used to examine the shape of the relationship between BMI z score and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: In the total sample, CDI scores were lowest for BMI z scores between -1 and -0.5. CDI scores increased progressively for BMI z scores > 0. In boys, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > 2, whereas in girls, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > -0.5 and < -1. Age did not have a significant moderating effect. SES had a moderating effect only in boys (P = .011). CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between body size and depressive symptoms in young adolescents is curvilinear and is moderated by sex. Heavier-than-average and underweight girls, as well as obese boys, had the highest depression scores. SN - 1097-6833 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18783792/The_relationship_between_body_size_and_depression_symptoms_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3476(08)00604-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -