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Risk tolerance and pilot involvement in hazardous events and flight into adverse weather.
J Safety Res. 2008; 39(4):403-11.JS

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

According to Lopes [Lopes, L.L. (1987). Between hope and fear: The psychology of risk. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 20, 255-295] tolerance of risk may be governed by sensitivity to either the opportunities for gain or threats of loss involved.

METHODS

In the initial study, qualified pilots were presented with 36 written flight scenarios that varied in the levels of opportunity and threat present. The pilots rated the likelihood that they would undertake each flight. Pilots were largely risk averse, as their ratings were all significantly influenced by threat.

RESULTS

The pilots whose ratings were significantly influenced by opportunity had been involved in more hazardous aviation incidents than the other pilots. In the final study, 32 qualified pilots completed both the risk tolerance measure and a simulated flight into adverse weather. The pilots who continued flying into adverse weather were less risk averse compared to the pilots who diverted. This further highlighted the link between risk tolerance and risk-taking, and suggested that some pilots may fly into adverse weather because of a greater tolerance of risk.

IMPACT ON INDUSTRY

The studies provide evidence that a measure of risk tolerance can predict potential accident involvement amongst general aviation pilots.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. k.pauley@abdn.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18786427

Citation

Pauley, Keryn, et al. "Risk Tolerance and Pilot Involvement in Hazardous Events and Flight Into Adverse Weather." Journal of Safety Research, vol. 39, no. 4, 2008, pp. 403-11.
Pauley K, O'Hare D, Wiggins M. Risk tolerance and pilot involvement in hazardous events and flight into adverse weather. J Safety Res. 2008;39(4):403-11.
Pauley, K., O'Hare, D., & Wiggins, M. (2008). Risk tolerance and pilot involvement in hazardous events and flight into adverse weather. Journal of Safety Research, 39(4), 403-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2008.05.009
Pauley K, O'Hare D, Wiggins M. Risk Tolerance and Pilot Involvement in Hazardous Events and Flight Into Adverse Weather. J Safety Res. 2008;39(4):403-11. PubMed PMID: 18786427.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk tolerance and pilot involvement in hazardous events and flight into adverse weather. AU - Pauley,Keryn, AU - O'Hare,David, AU - Wiggins,Mark, Y1 - 2008/08/03/ PY - 2008/03/03/received PY - 2008/05/20/revised PY - 2008/05/22/accepted PY - 2008/9/13/pubmed PY - 2008/11/19/medline PY - 2008/9/13/entrez SP - 403 EP - 11 JF - Journal of safety research JO - J Safety Res VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: According to Lopes [Lopes, L.L. (1987). Between hope and fear: The psychology of risk. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 20, 255-295] tolerance of risk may be governed by sensitivity to either the opportunities for gain or threats of loss involved. METHODS: In the initial study, qualified pilots were presented with 36 written flight scenarios that varied in the levels of opportunity and threat present. The pilots rated the likelihood that they would undertake each flight. Pilots were largely risk averse, as their ratings were all significantly influenced by threat. RESULTS: The pilots whose ratings were significantly influenced by opportunity had been involved in more hazardous aviation incidents than the other pilots. In the final study, 32 qualified pilots completed both the risk tolerance measure and a simulated flight into adverse weather. The pilots who continued flying into adverse weather were less risk averse compared to the pilots who diverted. This further highlighted the link between risk tolerance and risk-taking, and suggested that some pilots may fly into adverse weather because of a greater tolerance of risk. IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: The studies provide evidence that a measure of risk tolerance can predict potential accident involvement amongst general aviation pilots. SN - 0022-4375 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18786427/Risk_tolerance_and_pilot_involvement_in_hazardous_events_and_flight_into_adverse_weather_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -