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Mothers' and fathers' differential expectancies and behaviors: parent x child gender effects.
J Genet Psychol. 2008 Sep; 169(3):261-79.JG

Abstract

In 3 studies using 6 subscales, the authors investigated (a) others' parenting expectancies for mothers and fathers and (b) parents' reports of the frequency of their parenting behaviors with their 3- to 6-year-old sons and daughters. Mothers rated higher for physical care and emotional support than did fathers, and mothers reported engaging in the parenting behaviors assessed more frequently than did fathers across subscales. In each study, the authors obtained Parent x Child Gender interactions only for personal-interaction parenting (e.g., hugging their child) and found the lowest scores for fathers with daughters. These findings and the relations between parents' ratings of appropriateness and of their own behaviors support the view that gender-based expectancies prescribe gender differences in parenting.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, California State University, Channel Islands, CA 93012, USA. michelle.moon@csuci.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18788327

Citation

Moon, Michelle, and Charles D. Hoffman. "Mothers' and Fathers' Differential Expectancies and Behaviors: Parent X Child Gender Effects." The Journal of Genetic Psychology, vol. 169, no. 3, 2008, pp. 261-79.
Moon M, Hoffman CD. Mothers' and fathers' differential expectancies and behaviors: parent x child gender effects. J Genet Psychol. 2008;169(3):261-79.
Moon, M., & Hoffman, C. D. (2008). Mothers' and fathers' differential expectancies and behaviors: parent x child gender effects. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 169(3), 261-79. https://doi.org/10.3200/GNTP.169.3.261-280
Moon M, Hoffman CD. Mothers' and Fathers' Differential Expectancies and Behaviors: Parent X Child Gender Effects. J Genet Psychol. 2008;169(3):261-79. PubMed PMID: 18788327.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mothers' and fathers' differential expectancies and behaviors: parent x child gender effects. AU - Moon,Michelle, AU - Hoffman,Charles D, PY - 2008/9/16/pubmed PY - 2008/12/31/medline PY - 2008/9/16/entrez SP - 261 EP - 79 JF - The Journal of genetic psychology JO - J Genet Psychol VL - 169 IS - 3 N2 - In 3 studies using 6 subscales, the authors investigated (a) others' parenting expectancies for mothers and fathers and (b) parents' reports of the frequency of their parenting behaviors with their 3- to 6-year-old sons and daughters. Mothers rated higher for physical care and emotional support than did fathers, and mothers reported engaging in the parenting behaviors assessed more frequently than did fathers across subscales. In each study, the authors obtained Parent x Child Gender interactions only for personal-interaction parenting (e.g., hugging their child) and found the lowest scores for fathers with daughters. These findings and the relations between parents' ratings of appropriateness and of their own behaviors support the view that gender-based expectancies prescribe gender differences in parenting. SN - 0022-1325 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18788327/Mothers'_and_fathers'_differential_expectancies_and_behaviors:_parent_x_child_gender_effects_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3200/GNTP.169.3.261-280 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -