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[Study on status of nutrition in children under three years old in rural area in China].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2008 Mar; 29(3):230-4.ZL

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To understand the nutrition status of children under three years in rural area of western China and to explore the influencing factors so as to provide reasonable suggestions for policy making.

METHODS

Use PPS sampling method to investigate the 13,532 children under three years old. Height and weight were used as nutritional indexes.

RESULTS

The prevalence of stunting (height for age Z-score < -2), underweight (weight for age Z-score < -2) and wasting (weight for height Z-score < -2) were 12.4%,11.8% and 5.7% respectively. Boys, minority and the children from western China had higher prevalence rate. The prevalence rates of the Han nationality children's underweight and stunting were 9.5% and 9.8%, but these rates of the minority children were 15.6% and 16.5% respectively, which were obviously higher than the Han ethnicity children with significant differences between them (P <0.01).The prevalence of malnutrition was rising with age and the peak age of stunting, underweight and wasting appeared at 21 months, 12 months and 15 months, respectively. Compared with growth reference of NCHS/WHO, the HAZ, WAZ and WHZ left moved 0.59,0.60 and 0.26 units which indicated the whole nutritional status of children from program area impaired to some extent. Underweight inclined to have higher two-week prevalence rates of diarrhea and flu than in the normal children,achieving 15.9% and 13.5%, but with significant differences between them (P<0.01). We administered non-conditional logistic regression analysis to identify the influencing factors of malnutrition. Under-6-month children who were not taken care by their mothers showed higher risk of stunting. Over-6-month children stunting had significant relationship with age, gender, sibling order, nationality,maternal educational level,special cooking for children and residential region. Underweight of over-6-month children significantly related to age, nationality, and maternal educational level, yolk supply during 6-8 month old and living region.

CONCLUSION

Malnutrition was really prevalent among children in China,suggesting that intervention should be done according to the influencing factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Women and Children and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

chi

PubMed ID

18788519

Citation

Cui, Ying, et al. "[Study On Status of Nutrition in Children Under Three Years Old in Rural Area in China]." Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi = Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi, vol. 29, no. 3, 2008, pp. 230-4.
Cui Y, Yang L, Zhao YX, et al. [Study on status of nutrition in children under three years old in rural area in China]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2008;29(3):230-4.
Cui, Y., Yang, L., Zhao, Y. X., Wu, Q., & Tian, X. B. (2008). [Study on status of nutrition in children under three years old in rural area in China]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi = Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi, 29(3), 230-4.
Cui Y, et al. [Study On Status of Nutrition in Children Under Three Years Old in Rural Area in China]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2008;29(3):230-4. PubMed PMID: 18788519.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Study on status of nutrition in children under three years old in rural area in China]. AU - Cui,Ying, AU - Yang,Li, AU - Zhao,Yan-Xia, AU - Wu,Qi, AU - Tian,Xiao-Bo, PY - 2008/9/16/pubmed PY - 2009/11/11/medline PY - 2008/9/16/entrez SP - 230 EP - 4 JF - Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi JO - Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi VL - 29 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To understand the nutrition status of children under three years in rural area of western China and to explore the influencing factors so as to provide reasonable suggestions for policy making. METHODS: Use PPS sampling method to investigate the 13,532 children under three years old. Height and weight were used as nutritional indexes. RESULTS: The prevalence of stunting (height for age Z-score < -2), underweight (weight for age Z-score < -2) and wasting (weight for height Z-score < -2) were 12.4%,11.8% and 5.7% respectively. Boys, minority and the children from western China had higher prevalence rate. The prevalence rates of the Han nationality children's underweight and stunting were 9.5% and 9.8%, but these rates of the minority children were 15.6% and 16.5% respectively, which were obviously higher than the Han ethnicity children with significant differences between them (P <0.01).The prevalence of malnutrition was rising with age and the peak age of stunting, underweight and wasting appeared at 21 months, 12 months and 15 months, respectively. Compared with growth reference of NCHS/WHO, the HAZ, WAZ and WHZ left moved 0.59,0.60 and 0.26 units which indicated the whole nutritional status of children from program area impaired to some extent. Underweight inclined to have higher two-week prevalence rates of diarrhea and flu than in the normal children,achieving 15.9% and 13.5%, but with significant differences between them (P<0.01). We administered non-conditional logistic regression analysis to identify the influencing factors of malnutrition. Under-6-month children who were not taken care by their mothers showed higher risk of stunting. Over-6-month children stunting had significant relationship with age, gender, sibling order, nationality,maternal educational level,special cooking for children and residential region. Underweight of over-6-month children significantly related to age, nationality, and maternal educational level, yolk supply during 6-8 month old and living region. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition was really prevalent among children in China,suggesting that intervention should be done according to the influencing factors. SN - 0254-6450 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18788519/[Study_on_status_of_nutrition_in_children_under_three_years_old_in_rural_area_in_China]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=0254-6450&amp;year=2008&amp;vol=29&amp;issue=3&amp;fpage=230 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -