Blood serum levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM-1) and endothelial leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) in diabetic retinopathy.Clin Exp Med. 2008 Sep; 8(3):159-64.CE
Interaction between cells via intimate cell-cell contact is facilitated by a cell surface molecules, termed adhesion molecules. The aim of the study was to evaluate the blood serum concentration of soluble forms of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus without and with diabetic retinopathy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study was performed in 75 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, 35 without retinopathy (group 1) and 40 with retinopathy (group 2). Soluble forms of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and ELAM-1 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
The serum concentration of sICAM-1 and sELAM-1 were significantly elevated and the concentration sVCAM-1 was elevated but not significantly in diabetic patients when compared with control subjects. There was a significant difference in VCAM-1 concentrations between the control group and group 2 (965.9 +/- 229.0 vs. 1283.7 +/- 387.6 ng/ml, p < 0.05) and between group 1 and group 2 (1115.0 +/- 285.5 vs. 1283.7 +/- 387.6 ng/ml, p < 0.05). There were significant differences in sICAM-1 concentrations between the control group and group 1 (p < 0.05) and between the control group and group 2 (p < 0.05). Where was no significant difference in sICAM-1 concentration between group 1 and 2 (405.2 +/- 135.9 vs. 443.1 +/- 112.7 ng/ml, p = 0.08). ELAM-1 concentration was significantly elevated in group 2 (120.5 +/- 49.3 ng/ml) when compared with the control group (51.7 +/- 18.1 ng/ml, p < 0.005) and with group 1 (81.2 +/- 27.7 ng/ml, p < 0.05).
The correlations found between sVCAM-1, sICAM-1 and sELAM-1 and the presence of retinopathy suggest that cellular adhesion and neovascularization may be linked processes.