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Body mass index in Belgian schoolchildren and its relationship with sensitization and allergic symptoms.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009 May; 20(3):246-53.PA

Abstract

Results of studies of the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the allergic status are controversial. As a part of the Aalst Allergy Study, we assessed the prevalence of the different BMI categories (underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity) and a possible association between BMI and atopy in 1576 unselected Belgian schoolchildren, aged from 3.4 to 14.8 yr. BMI was used to determine weight status. Skin prick testing with the most common aeroallergens was performed. A parental questionnaire documented data on respiratory and allergic disorders, demographic characteristics and other potential risk factors for sensitization. Among the total children, 4.1% of the children were underweight, 14.5% were overweight, and 7.4% were obese. More girls than boys were overweight (p = 0.015). In the group of children older than 12 yr, we found more overweight (p = 0.03) and obese (p = 0.004) girls, and more obese boys (p = 0.004) than in the younger age groups. In contrast with reports in the literature, an increased prevalence of allergic sensitization in underweight girls only [adjusted odd ratio (OR(adj)) = 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3-6.4] was documented. A strong association between obesity and exercise-induced respiratory symptoms was found in both boys (OR(adj) = 14.5, 95% CI: 2.9-73.3) and girls (OR(adj) = 4.9, 95% CI: 1.3-17.4). No correlations with allergic respiratory symptoms, eczema, or rhinoconjunctivitis could be documented.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, O.L. Vrouw Hospital, Aalst B-9300, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18798801

Citation

Van Gysel, D, et al. "Body Mass Index in Belgian Schoolchildren and Its Relationship With Sensitization and Allergic Symptoms." Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 20, no. 3, 2009, pp. 246-53.
Van Gysel D, Govaere E, Verhamme K, et al. Body mass index in Belgian schoolchildren and its relationship with sensitization and allergic symptoms. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009;20(3):246-53.
Van Gysel, D., Govaere, E., Verhamme, K., Doli, E., & De Baets, F. (2009). Body mass index in Belgian schoolchildren and its relationship with sensitization and allergic symptoms. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 20(3), 246-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00774.x
Van Gysel D, et al. Body Mass Index in Belgian Schoolchildren and Its Relationship With Sensitization and Allergic Symptoms. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009;20(3):246-53. PubMed PMID: 18798801.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Body mass index in Belgian schoolchildren and its relationship with sensitization and allergic symptoms. AU - Van Gysel,D, AU - Govaere,E, AU - Verhamme,K, AU - Doli,E, AU - De Baets,F, Y1 - 2008/09/15/ PY - 2008/9/19/pubmed PY - 2009/6/27/medline PY - 2008/9/19/entrez SP - 246 EP - 53 JF - Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology JO - Pediatr Allergy Immunol VL - 20 IS - 3 N2 - Results of studies of the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the allergic status are controversial. As a part of the Aalst Allergy Study, we assessed the prevalence of the different BMI categories (underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity) and a possible association between BMI and atopy in 1576 unselected Belgian schoolchildren, aged from 3.4 to 14.8 yr. BMI was used to determine weight status. Skin prick testing with the most common aeroallergens was performed. A parental questionnaire documented data on respiratory and allergic disorders, demographic characteristics and other potential risk factors for sensitization. Among the total children, 4.1% of the children were underweight, 14.5% were overweight, and 7.4% were obese. More girls than boys were overweight (p = 0.015). In the group of children older than 12 yr, we found more overweight (p = 0.03) and obese (p = 0.004) girls, and more obese boys (p = 0.004) than in the younger age groups. In contrast with reports in the literature, an increased prevalence of allergic sensitization in underweight girls only [adjusted odd ratio (OR(adj)) = 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3-6.4] was documented. A strong association between obesity and exercise-induced respiratory symptoms was found in both boys (OR(adj) = 14.5, 95% CI: 2.9-73.3) and girls (OR(adj) = 4.9, 95% CI: 1.3-17.4). No correlations with allergic respiratory symptoms, eczema, or rhinoconjunctivitis could be documented. SN - 1399-3038 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18798801/Body_mass_index_in_Belgian_schoolchildren_and_its_relationship_with_sensitization_and_allergic_symptoms_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00774.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -