Removal of Acid Orange 7 from water by electrochemically generated Fenton's reagent.J Hazard Mater. 2009 Apr 30; 163(2-3):1213-20.JH
The removal of azo dye Acid Orange 7 (AO7) from water was investigated by the electro-Fenton technology using electrogenerated hydroxyl radicals (OH) which leads to the oxidative degradation of AO7 up to its complete mineralization. H(2)O(2) and Fe (II) ions are electrogenerated in a catalytic way at the carbon-felt cathode. AO7 decay kinetics and evolution of its oxidation intermediates were monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography. The absolute rate constant of AO7 hydroxylation reaction has been determined as (1.20+/-0.17)x10(10)M(-1)s(-1). The optimal current value for the degradation of AO7 was found as 300 mA. AO7 degradation rate was found to decrease by increase in Fe(3+) concentration beyond 0.1mM. Mineralization of AO7 aqueous solutions was followed by total organic carbon (TOC) measurements and found to be 92%. Based on TOC evolution and identification of aromatic intermediates, short-chain carboxylic acids and inorganic ions released during treatment, a plausible mineralization pathway was proposed.