Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Protective effect of candesartan in experimental ischemic stroke in the rat mediated by AT2 and AT4 receptors.
J Hypertens. 2008 Oct; 26(10):2008-15.JH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The contribution of the AT2 and AT4 angiotensin receptors to the protective role of the AT1 receptor blocker candesartan in acute ischemic stroke was investigated.

METHODS

Embolic stroke was induced by injection of calibrated microspheres (50 microm) in the right internal carotid in Sprague-Dawley rats.

RESULTS

Inhibition of production of endogenous angiotensins by pretreatment for 24 h with lisinopril significantly increased mortality and infarct volume, whereas candesartan for 24 h reduced blood pressure to the same extent but had no deleterious effect. A more sustained pretreatment with candesartan for 5 days significantly decreased mortality, neurological deficit and infarct size. The AT2 receptor antagonist PD123319 and the AT4 receptor antagonist divalinal abolished the protective effect of 5 days' AT1 blockade. Combined blockade of AT2 and AT4 in candesartan pretreated rats resulted in an increased mortality, neurological deficit and infarct volume of similar magnitude to lisinopril pretreatment. Coadministration of lisinopril 24 h before surgery completely blunted the protective effect of candesartan pretreatment. Administration of exogenous angiotensin IV (1 nmol) reversed the deleterious effect of lisinopril pretreatment.

CONCLUSION

Protection against acute cerebral ischemia induced by AT1 blockade for 5 days is blood pressure independent and mediated by both AT2 and AT4 angiotensin receptors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nephrology, University of Limoges, Limoges, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18806625

Citation

Faure, Sebastien, et al. "Protective Effect of Candesartan in Experimental Ischemic Stroke in the Rat Mediated By AT2 and AT4 Receptors." Journal of Hypertension, vol. 26, no. 10, 2008, pp. 2008-15.
Faure S, Bureau A, Oudart N, et al. Protective effect of candesartan in experimental ischemic stroke in the rat mediated by AT2 and AT4 receptors. J Hypertens. 2008;26(10):2008-15.
Faure, S., Bureau, A., Oudart, N., Javellaud, J., Fournier, A., & Achard, J. M. (2008). Protective effect of candesartan in experimental ischemic stroke in the rat mediated by AT2 and AT4 receptors. Journal of Hypertension, 26(10), 2008-15. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e32830dd5ee
Faure S, et al. Protective Effect of Candesartan in Experimental Ischemic Stroke in the Rat Mediated By AT2 and AT4 Receptors. J Hypertens. 2008;26(10):2008-15. PubMed PMID: 18806625.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Protective effect of candesartan in experimental ischemic stroke in the rat mediated by AT2 and AT4 receptors. AU - Faure,Sebastien, AU - Bureau,Annabelle, AU - Oudart,Nicole, AU - Javellaud,James, AU - Fournier,Albert, AU - Achard,Jean-Michel, PY - 2008/9/23/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/9/23/entrez SP - 2008 EP - 15 JF - Journal of hypertension JO - J Hypertens VL - 26 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The contribution of the AT2 and AT4 angiotensin receptors to the protective role of the AT1 receptor blocker candesartan in acute ischemic stroke was investigated. METHODS: Embolic stroke was induced by injection of calibrated microspheres (50 microm) in the right internal carotid in Sprague-Dawley rats. RESULTS: Inhibition of production of endogenous angiotensins by pretreatment for 24 h with lisinopril significantly increased mortality and infarct volume, whereas candesartan for 24 h reduced blood pressure to the same extent but had no deleterious effect. A more sustained pretreatment with candesartan for 5 days significantly decreased mortality, neurological deficit and infarct size. The AT2 receptor antagonist PD123319 and the AT4 receptor antagonist divalinal abolished the protective effect of 5 days' AT1 blockade. Combined blockade of AT2 and AT4 in candesartan pretreated rats resulted in an increased mortality, neurological deficit and infarct volume of similar magnitude to lisinopril pretreatment. Coadministration of lisinopril 24 h before surgery completely blunted the protective effect of candesartan pretreatment. Administration of exogenous angiotensin IV (1 nmol) reversed the deleterious effect of lisinopril pretreatment. CONCLUSION: Protection against acute cerebral ischemia induced by AT1 blockade for 5 days is blood pressure independent and mediated by both AT2 and AT4 angiotensin receptors. SN - 0263-6352 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18806625/Protective_effect_of_candesartan_in_experimental_ischemic_stroke_in_the_rat_mediated_by_AT2_and_AT4_receptors_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e32830dd5ee DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -