Heat shock effect upon dengue virus replication into U937 cells.Virus Res. 2008 Dec; 138(1-2):111-8.VR
The molecules involved in dengue virus entry into human cells are currently unknown. We have previously shown that two surface heat shock proteins (Hsps), Hsp90 and Hsp70 are part of a receptor complex in monocytic cells. In the present report, the effect of heat shock (HS) on dengue virus infection is analyzed. We have documented a more than twofold increase in dengue virus infectivity after HS treatment in monocytic cells U937; this effect correlates mainly with an increase in viral entry due to a major presence of both Hsps on the surface of monocytic cells, particularly in membrane microdomains. Interestingly, since heat shock treatment at 6h post-infection also increased viral yields, it is likely that HS also modulates positively dengue virus replication.